Unfortunately, pericoronitis won't go away on its own. If it goes untreated, it can become dangerous after only a couple of weeks. Typically, either the flap of tissue or the wisdom tooth needs to be removed. If an infection is present, an antibiotic will be needed, as well.
Chronic symptoms often only last for 1 to 2 days but keep recurring over a period of months. Acute symptoms usually last 3 to 4 days and can include: severe pain that can cause loss of sleep.
Untreated pericoronitis may give rise to systemic symptom such as fever and malaise. Untreated dental infection may also lead to cellulitis, characterised by facial swelling. In rare occasion, dental infection may be life-threatening if the swelling of soft tissue causes blockage of the airway.
Symptoms of pericoronitis can last for days to weeks depending on the severity. The condition should resolve in approximately one to two weeks with treatment. If the initial cause of the infection is not treated, the condition will likely return. Complications can occur with pericoronitis.
The most conservative treatment option is to use a salt water rinse to clean the infected area, flushing out any bacteria and any food pieces that might be trapped in the gum. To reduce the chance of the infection recurring, a dentist might decide to remove the piece of gum that is causing part of the trouble.
What are the symptoms of Pericoronitis? Milder symptoms of pericoronitis include painful, swollen gum tissue near the affected tooth. You may find it hard to bite down in that area without hitting the swollen tissue. You may also notice an unpleasant smell or taste in your mouth, and a discharge of pus in the area.
Chronic pericoronitis is a mild inflammation of the infected area with little to no symptoms. On the other hand, acute pericoronitis involves many intense symptoms like fever, swelling, and pain. These symptoms may indicate the spread of the infection.
While rare, a person experiencing pericoronitis can develop a life-threatening complication called Ludwig's angina, in which the infection spreads into their head and neck. An infection that spreads to the bloodstream, otherwise known as sepsis, is also a rare, life-threatening complication.
If you have mild pericoronitis, it's possible to get better with some diligent home care. You can gently brush the affected area to loosen up the plaque and bacteria build up. You can also use a Waterpik to get the harder-to-reach debris.
The most common symptoms of pericoronitis is pain and swelling around the tooth. It is possible to treat these symptoms with over the counter pain medications and rinsing the mouth with warm salt water. If this helps manage the symptoms and the rest of the tooth emerges, there is no need to worry about it.
If a wisdom tooth has pericoronitis or another type of abscess, a saltwater rinse can help clean the infected area until the source is treated. Dissolve a small amount of salt in warm water and swish for 30 seconds one to two times per day.
The condition can be hard to treat due to the gum flap which has resulted from the partially erupted tooth. Often, the issue won't go away completely until the tooth fully erupts from the gum line, or the tooth/soft tissue has been removed.
Antibiotics are only required in the case of spreading infection (cellulitis, lymph node involvement, trismus) or systemic involvement (fever and malaise). Pericoronitis is usually caused by oral gram positive or anaerobic organisms. Metronidazole or amoxicillin are usually effective in treating such infections.
With proper antibiotic treatment, you can treat pericoronitis in a few weeks or months.
What About Mouthwash for Pericoronitis? Mouthwash can be a useful tool in a pericoronitis treatment plan. Simple saltwater rinse can help reduce mild inflammation and is safe to use while you are waiting to see your dentist.
Pain. Swelling in the gum tissue (caused by an accumulation of fluid) Pus discharge. Trismus, or difficulty opening your mouth and jaw, also called lockjaw.
When gums swell around a single tooth in this way, it usually indicates an infection. This is called an abscessed tooth, and it can be very painful. If left untreated, it is possible for the infection to spread, leading to more serious dental problems.
Unfortunately, pericoronitis won't go away on its own. If it goes untreated, it can become dangerous after only a couple of weeks.
You may also need to floss the area after each meal to keep the infection from getting worse. Your dentist can prescribe an oral rinse, like chlorhexidine, which will decrease the bacteria in your mouth.
The bacteria that cause gum disease can be transmitted from person to person by kissing. They also can be transmitted by things like sharing a drink, a piece of food, or even an eating utensil.
Chronic pericoronitis can present with no or only mild symptoms and long remissions between any escalations to acute pericoronitis. Acute pericoronitis is associated with a wide range of symptoms including severe pain, swelling and fever.
Lasts 3 or 4 days. Inflammation on the side of the face affected by pericoronitis. Severe pain (may lead to loss of sleep) Pain upon swallowing.
Pericoronitis can cause a sore throat and pain while swallowing. Unlike a sore throat caused by a fully impacted or abscessed wisdom tooth, treating a pericoronitis-related sore throat does not always necessitate wisdom tooth removal. Instead, a dentist may recommend a simpler oral surgery to remove the excess gum.