Medieval music was mostly plainchant; first monophonic then developed into polyphonic. Renaissance music was largely buoyant melodies. Medieval music was mostly only vocal while renaissance music was of both instrumental and vocal; flutes, harps, violins were some of the instruments used.
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called: A cantus firmus. Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music? It has fuller harmonies.
One of the reasons Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music is that Renaissance composers and musicians employed polyphony, which is more... See full answer below.
There are several reasons why medieval music has such a distinctive sound which is different to modern music. The instruments were different. Strings were made of gut (sheep's intestines) or wire (brass, iron, bronze, silver or gold), not steel or nylon as today's strings tend to be.
Renaissance music consisted of smooth regular flow of rhythm while baroque music was comprised of a metrical rhythm with varied motion. The tone of the baroque music was of development of tonal architecture and formal principles; baroque, binary, ternary, fugue, etc.
In a fundamental way, the Baroque marked the beginning of our familiar tradition. One of the most obvious differences—a difference that you can hear even if you don't realize it or can't explain it—in medieval music is the lack of thirds, the interval that modern (triadic) chords are built from.
The medieval and Renaissance periods each witnessed a critical transition in the structure of Western music. During the Middle Ages, monophony evolved into polyphony (see Musical Texture). During the Renaissance, the shell harmony of the Middle Ages was succeeded by true harmony.
Polyphony is one of the notable changes that mark the Renaissance from the Middle Ages musically. Its use encouraged the use of larger ensembles and demanded sets of instruments that would blend together across the whole vocal range.
Why are Renaissance melodies usually easy to sing? the melody often moves along a scale with few large leaps.
Sacred music was primarily in the form of the motet or the Mass, while secular music included madrigals and the rise of both instrumental music and dance music.
The texture of Renaissance music is that of a polyphonic style of blending vocal and instrumental music for a unified effect.
Monophonic A musical texture consisting of one melodic line. This type of texture does not have any harmony. This type of music was popular during the Medieval period (Gregorian Chant).
Why is Renaissance painting considered more realistic than medieval painting? Renaissance painters discovered a perspective that made it possible to see the whole simultaneously. Religious belief became more personal during the Renaissance.
The most important music of the early Renaissance was composed for use by the church—polyphonic (made up of several simultaneous melodies) masses and motets in Latin for important churches and court chapels.
The main difference between middle ages and renaissance is that renaissance was the period of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe, marking the transition from medieval to the modern world.
Compared to the medieval motet, the Renaissance motet is smoother and uses imitative polyphony, with successive voice parts that echo each other, kind of like a round. We can see and hear this in the text and successive adding of vocal parts.
Music based on modes. Richer texture, with four or more independent melodic parts being performed simultaneously. These interweaving melodic lines, a style called polyphony, is one of the defining features of Renaissance music. Blending, rather than contrasting, melodic lines in the musical texture.
General characteristics of melodies in the Renaissance period. Melodies were mainly based on modes - types of scale found in the Medieval and Renaissance periods. Most of the melodies were conjunct with the occasional leap. This is because the majority of compositions were still vocal.
- During the middle ages, musical texture was monophonic, meaning it has a single melodic line. - Sacred vocal music such as Gregorian chants were set to Latin text and sung unaccompanied. - It was the only type of music allowed in churches, so composers kept the melodies pure and simple.
Polyphony: While Medieval music is often characterized by homophonic singing (as in Gregorian chants), Renaissance music by composers like Josquin, Palestrina, and Thomas Tallis emphasized multiple voices singing in a polyphonic style. The same was true for multi-part instrumental music.
Renaissance art was a combined influence of nature, classical learning, and individuality of man. The key difference between these two forms is that while Baroque art is characterized by ornate details, Renaissance art is characterized by the fusion of Christianity and science in order to create realism through art.
The medieval motet developed during the Renaissance music era (after 1400). During the Renaissance, the Italian secular genre of the Madrigal became popular. Similar to the polyphonic character of the motet, madrigals featured greater fluidity and motion in the leading melody line.