Why did English stay in India?

The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India.

Why did the British stay in India?

The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium.

Why did the English want India?

India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.

They regimented India's manpower as the backbone of their military power. Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.

Why did the English language continue to be used in India after independence?

English continued to be used in India after Independence because south Indian states expressed strong opposition to Hindi.

Did any English stay in India?

Many British citizens chose to stay on—there were 28,000 of them in 1951, and still 6,500 in 1971. They did not own large tracts of lands, as 'settlers' did in other former British colonies. They stayed largely because they could imagine no other life but the one in India.

"How The British Took Over India" - TREVOR NOAH (from "Afraid Of The Dark" on Netflix)

When did England give India back?

In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries - India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

When did England occupy India?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

How did the English gained power in India?

The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. The British were very effective at infiltrating these states and gradually taking control.

How did India become English speaking?

The English language was introduced to India in the 17th century when English businessmen came to the country as traders. Even after the British rule was over in the middle of the 20th century, English remained in use in India.

Who introduced English language in India?

Thomas Babington, better known as Lord Macaulay, is the man who brought the English language and British education to India. His highly debatable introduction of the English language and the approach to minimalise the use of traditional languages makes an interesting read.

What were the two main reasons that the British granted independence to India?

The 4 Key Reasons India Gained Independence in 1947
  • Growing Indian nationalism. India had always been made up of a collection of princely states, many of which were rivals. ...
  • The INC and Home Rule. ...
  • Gandhi and Quit India Movement. ...
  • The Second World War.

How did British rule start in India?

This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India).

What good did British do to India?

So let's take a look at 7 Good Things The British Did For India And Indians!
  • English language. The reason they taught English to the Indians was to have an ease of administration. ...
  • Indian Railways. ...
  • Army. ...
  • Vaccination. ...
  • Social reforms. ...
  • India census. ...
  • Surveying India.

What did British take from India?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.

What would have happened if British never came to India?

India would probably be a continent in itself consisting of 30-40 states each aligning its identity to a language or religion. They either have monarchies, parliamentary systems or a presidential system, some being stronger than others. Border security would be tight due to terrorism and revolts by Naxalites.

How has English influenced India?

The British rulers began building their universities in India from 1857. English became the first language in Indian education. The 'modern' leaders of that era in India also supported English language and claimed it to be the main key towards success. Indians who knew good English were seen as the new elite of India.

Was India rich before British rule?

In 1900-02, India's per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence. During this period, the per capita income rose to maximum Rs 223.8 in 1930-32.

Who ruled India before British?

The Mughal Empire

The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place.

How much did British steal from India?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.

Did India gain independence peacefully?

Tensions continued to grow after this, as the British Empire (also known as The Raj) spent tax money on protecting their own interests over helping the people of India, many of whom lived in poverty. This time, however, the independence movement acted peacefully, participating in acts of civil disobedience.

What happened to India after the British left?

In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.

In what ways did the British hurt India?

Up to 35 million died unnecessarily in famines; London ate India's bread while India starved, and in 1943 nearly four million Bengalis died. It was their own fault, according to the odious Churchill, for “breeding like rabbits”. Collectively, these famines amounted to a “British colonial holocaust”.

How many years did British rule India?

The British Raj refers to the period of British rule on the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947. The system of governance was instituted in 1858 when the rule of the East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria.

Why was India so valuable to the British Empire?

First, Britain viewed India as a source of raw materials that could be used to fuel the factories in England. At the time, India economy was largely centered around agriculture, which would then be exported to England. The most common of these agricultural resources included: jute, cotton, sugar, tea, coffee and wheat.

Is English the first language in India?

528 million speak Hindi as a first language. It is both the most widely spoken first as well as second language in India, while English is just the 44th most widely spoken first language even though it is the second-most widely spoken second language.

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