Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the "Father of Western Philosophy" for this reason.
Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.
Shankara, also called Shankaracharya, (born 700?, Kaladi village?, India—died 750?, Kedarnath), philosopher and theologian, most renowned exponent of the Advaita Vedanta school of philosophy, from whose doctrines the main currents of modern Indian thought are derived.
Abstract. The first philosopher is usually said to have been Thales.
The true philosopher (or "lover of wisdom") is one who loves "the truth in each thing", as opposed to those who only love the things themselves. This is a reference to Plato's belief that all particular things are only shadows of eternal Forms.
Vyasa was the writer of Mahabharat. one of the first philosophers in recorded history. He was the founder of Pippalada School of thought, which taught the Atharvaveda.
Thomas Hobbes - Leisure is the Mother of Philosophy.
From the Vedic scriptures, too, Hinduism (today's name for Sanatana Dharma) is the oldest.
Kapila, (flourished 550 bce?), Vedic sage who is often identified as one of the founders of the system of Samkhya, one of six darshans (systems) of Indian philosophy.
Diogenes Laertius [fl. c. 3rd century A.D.], says of philosophy that "its very name refuses to be translated into foreign speech" (i, 4), and that "the first to use the term, and to call himself a philosopher or lover of wisdom, was Pythagoras; for, said he, no man is wise, but God alone" (i, 12).
Aristotle (384–322 BCE), who follows Socrates and Plato as the third member of the great triumvirate of ancient Greek philosophers, is arguably the most important thinker who ever lived.
There are four pillars of philosophy: theoretical philosophy (metaphysics and epistemology), practical philosophy (ethics, social and political philosophy, aesthetics), logic, and history of philosophy.
Aristotle and Plato were philosophers in ancient Greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more. Though many more of Plato's works survived the centuries, Aristotle's contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning.
What is Plato known for? Plato's most famous work is the Republic, which details a wise society run by a philosopher. He is also famous for his dialogues (early, middle, and late), which showcase his metaphysical theory of forms—something else he is well known for.
Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato's theory of forms.
Indian Philosophy: Volume I (English, Paperback, Radhakrishnan) Hurry, Only 3 left! Indian Philosophy (Volume 1) is the first of the two brilliant volumes on Indian philosophy during the Epic and Vedic periods.
Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics. The ideas of Socrates (c.
Philosophy as we know it today developed in ancient Greece in the 6th century BC. Thales was the first philosopher. Ancient Greek philosophy reached its peak in the classical period because of philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Thales wanted to know why things behaved the way they do. Thales was the founder of the philosophy that all of Nature had developed from one source.
Plato is considered by many to be the most important philosopher who ever lived. He is known as the father of idealism in philosophy. His ideas were elitist, with the philosopher king the ideal ruler. Plato is perhaps best known to college students for his parable of a cave, which appears in Plato's Republic.
Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.
Though one may not typically think of Gandhi as a philosopher, he was, in fact, a profound philosophical thinker.
1. Ramakrishna (1836 - 1886) With an HPI of 82.17, Ramakrishna is the most famous Indian Philosopher. His biography has been translated into 77 different languages on wikipedia.
Other eminent Indian philosophers include Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Chanakya, Sri Aurobindo, Gautam Buddha, Ramanuja, and so on. Check out this section to get detailed information about Indian philosophers, their life and their works.