Michelangelo is buried in Santa Croce, as are Rossini, Machiavelli, and the Pisan-born Galileo Galilei, who was tried by the Inquisition and was not allowed a Christian burial until 1737, 95 years after his death.
It is the burial place of some of the most illustrious Italians, such as Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, the poet Foscolo, the philosopher Gentile and the composer Rossini, thus it is known also as the Temple of the Italian Glories (Tempio dell'Itale Glorie).
Buried in: Crypt below the Florence Duomo
Filippo Brunelleschi was a Florentine architect, and it's him we have to thank for the gorgeous dome over the Florence Duomo. He died in 1446 at about age 68.
Museo Galileo - In depth - Monumental tomb of Galileo. After Galileo's death in Arcetri in 1642, his remains were deposited in a small room adjoining the chapel of Saints Cosmas and Damian, in the basilica of Santa Croce in Florence, pending the construction of a monumental tomb.
Why is Florence Cathedral Important to the Renaissance? The Renaissance in Florence is inextricably linked with the dome of its new cathedral, whose construction was a particularly inspirational element in Early Renaissance art and did much to confirm Florentine preeminence during the quattrocento rinascimento.
It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to a design of Arnolfo di Cambio and was structurally completed by 1436, with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi.
The Brunelleschi's Dome and its splendour
The lower part of the Brunelleschi's Dome has frescoes painted by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari between 1572 and 1579. It is the largest painted surface in fresco in the world (3600 square meters). The frescoes depict scenes of the Last Judgement.
The Inquisition forced him to recant and jailed him in 1634. The people who cut off his fingers essentially considered him a secular saint, Galluzzi said, noting the fingers that were removed were the ones he would have used to hold a pen.
(Key fact) Galileo was buried twice. His first burial was away from the church in an unmarked corner because he was convicted a heretic. In 1737 his grave was erected he was moved to his new resting spot shown in the picture in Florence, Italy.
Relations between Florence and Ravenna have been somewhat strained for, believe it or not, seven centuries. The reason is because one of Florence's most illustrious native sons, Dante Alighieri, is buried in Ravenna instead of in his hometown.
Dante was buried by the church of San Pier Maggiore (now the Basilica di San Francesco) with all the pomp that Ravenna could muster. After a funeral attended by the city's great and good, his body went into a Roman marble sarcophagus that was laid to rest outside the church's cloisters.
When Galileo died in 1642, the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando II, asked that he be buried in the nave of the Basilica of Santa Croce. The Pope, however, protested the request due to Galileo's heliocentric heresy, and Galileo was buried in the Medici Chapel of the Novices in Santa Croce.
Michelangelo Galilei, brother of Galileo and son of Vincenzo, was a lutenist and composer, and he was as revolutionary in his chosen field as his more famous brother.
Galileo had three children with a woman named Marina Gamba, who he never married.
Nearly 70 at the time of his trial, Galileo lived his last nine years under comfortable house arrest, writing a summary of his early motion experiments that became his final great scientific work. He died in Arcetri near Florence, Italy on January 8, 1642 at age 77 after suffering from heart palpitations and a fever.
Even medical details are poetic rather than factual: in the end, Sobel says that Suor Maria Celeste succumbed to dysentery because she had literally worried herself into a state of weakness over Galileo—that she died of a broken heart. Maria Celeste's life was a literal prison.
The museum says the finger "exemplifies the celebration of Galileo as a hero and martyr of science." The room also features information on Galileo's tools and the science he pioneered and Galilean iconography and relics that survived the ages since his death.
Last year, the museum director announced that the thumb and middle finger from Galileo's right hand had turned up at an auction and were recognised as being the fingers of the scientist, who died in 1642. The fingers are now displayed in slender, glass cases. Also on display is his tooth.
With the dome complete, Cosimo de'Medici invited the Pope himself to consecrate the finished Cathedral on Easter Sunday, 1436. The dome towered majestically over the city of Florence, a triumph for the Florentine people and the city's most powerful family.
A variety of sculptures, mosaics, frescoes and other artworks, attributed to many famous Florence artisans, adorn the interior. Above the main door is a 24-hour liturgical clock, by Paolo Uccello, featuring portraits of the four prophets. Forty-four stained glass windows illuminate the nave and the bell tower.
duomo (plural duomos or duomi) A cathedral, especially one in Italy.