Balance of Homophonic (melody with chordal harmony) and polyphonic textures. TIMBRE: Orchestral - strings, winds and harpsichord with very little percussion.
Baroque music is characterised by:
- long flowing melodic lines often using ornamentation (decorative notes such as trills and turns)
- contrast between loud and soft, solo and ensemble.
- a contrapuntal texture where two or more melodic lines are combined.
The main characteristics of Baroque Era society were humanism and the increasing secularization of society. The music characteristics of the Baroque Era included fast movement, ornamentation, dramatic alterations in tempo and volume, and expressiveness.
Some of the qualities most frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, dynamism, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to blur distinctions between the various arts.
The Main Characteristics of Baroque Music
- The Basso Continuo (Figured Bass).
- One mood throughout the entire piece.
- Important String sections.
- Modes were replaced by the Major/Minor key system.
- Many different forms are used (e.g. Binary, Fugue)
- Many types of music, e.g. The Chorale, Opera, the Dance Suite.
Baroque music uses many types of texture: homophony, imitation, and contrapuntal combinations of contrasting rhythmic and melodic ideas. Even when the texture is imitative, however, there are usually distinct contrasts among voices. In some cases, an independent bass supports two or more melodies in imitation above it.
A sense of drama
An important feature of Baroque art and design is its use of human figures. Represented as allegorical, sacred or mythological, these figures helped turn the work into a drama to convey particular messages and to engage the emotions of the viewer.
This series introduces the six key elements of music including rhythm, texture, dynamics, pitch, form, and timbre.
Baroque composers wrote melodies based on major/minor tonality. They used motifs (short melodic phrases) that were repeated and developed and many of the melodies were decorated with ornaments, such as trills. The melodies of the Baroque period also became significantly longer.
Baroque music, a style of music that prevailed during the period from about 1600 to about 1750, known for its grandiose, dramatic, and energetic spirit but also for its stylistic diversity. Keyboard Sonata in D Minor, K 64, by Domenico Scarlatti, played on the piano.
1. A characteristic often found in baroque melodies is: one long continuous phrase with long sustained notes.
Opera is comprised of multiple art forms. A fully staged opera production includes visual art in the form of set pieces and paintings, costumes, props, lighting, and staging. The performers are required to be fantastic singers and proficient actors.
As with Renaissance music, tempos of Baroque works should also be moderate. Extremely fast or slow tempos should be avoided. The rhythm is motorlike, constantly pulsing, and very steady.
Renaissance art, painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and literature produced during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries in Europe under the combined influences of an increased awareness of nature, a revival of classical learning, and a more individualistic view of man.
ELEMENTS OF ART: The visual components of color, form, line, shape, space, texture, and value.
Closely associated with the seventeenth century, baroque architecture was characterized by vaulted cupolas (domelike ceilings) held up by swiveling colonnades (rows of pillars), walls and doorways made of both rough stones and smooth stucco, and interior design denoted by luxuriant fabrics and furniture.
They display specific features such as retablos (altars) of high Baroque style – (particularly seen in San Agustin Church, Intramuros), in the volutes of contrafuertes (buttresses) and in the pyramidal finials of wall facades – (particularly seen in Paoay Church), in wall buttresses separating criptocollateral chapels ...
Explanation: The baroque art is best described with the word drama. ... The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture , painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music.
Baroque sculpture has an expressive, ornamental, and dynamic personality and was mainly used to decorate religious buildings, palaces, and some public spaces. These were hugely important as ornaments in the architectural spaces of the time, particularly in fountains – both indoor and outdoor.
Polyphony Polyphony (polyphonic texture) is an important texture in all historic style periods. Rhythmic stratification, also called layers, results when two or more voices move at different but closely related levels of rhythmic activity. One voice may contain mostly quarter notes while another contains eighth notes.
The basso continuo (sometimes just continuo) was the most characteristic feature of baroque music. It is a form of instrumental accompaniment that is usually played by at least two instruments: a keyboard instrument and a low melodic instrument.
Baroque period, (17th–18th century) Era in the arts that originated in Italy in the 17th century and flourished elsewhere well into the 18th century. It embraced painting, sculpture, architecture, decorative arts, and music.