Where is the oldest fort in HP?

The Kangra Fort was built by the royal Rajput family of Kangra State (the Katoch dynasty), which traces its origins to the ancient Trigarta Kingdom, mentioned in the Mahabharata epic. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and probably the oldest dated fort in India.

How old is the Kangra Fort?

The fort is also India's oldest dated fort, said to be built around 3,500 years ago by Maharaja Susharma Chandra, a descendant of the Katoch family.

Who built mosque inside Kangra Fort?

A mosque was also built within the fort of Kangra. As the Mughal empire began to crumble, a descendant of Raja Dharam Chand, Raja Sansar Chand Bahadur II began a series of conquests of Kangra with the support of Sikh leader, Jai Singh Kanhaiya of the Kanhaiya misl.

Who built Kangra Fort in which year?

According to local belief, Maharaja Susharma Chandra of Katoch dynasty made the Kangra Fort around 3,500 years ago. Though unknown to many, he fought the battle against Kaurava princes in the battle of Mahabharata.

When was the Kangra Fort built?

The Kangra Fort is a majestic sample of architecture, which was constructed by the royal family of Kangra and dates back to around 4th Century B.C. This is known to be the largest fort in the Himalayas and is one of the oldest forts in India.

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Which is oldest fort in India?

Kangra fort is located in the town of Dharamsala at a distance of about 20 kilometres. The fort was written about by the scribes of Alexander the Great, thus making it the oldest fort in India!

Who built the Nagarkot fort?

The correct answer is Susharma Chandra. Nagarkot fort: It is also known as Kangra fort. The historical Nagarkot Fort, located at Old Kangra, is 3 km from Kangra town.

Who was the first king of Kangra?

In Mahabharata there is a mention of King Susharama Chandra, who sided with the Kaurvas. He is said to be the founder of this dynasty. At that time, Kangra was probably named as Bhim Kot.

Who was the first king of Himachal Pradesh?

Medieval history

In 1773 AD the Rajputs under Katoch Maharaja Sansar Chand-II possessed the region, until the attack by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1804 which crushed the Rajput power. The small kingdom had enjoyed a large degree of independence till the eve of the Muslim invasions in northern India.

Who was the last king of Kangra?

Kangra was at the time ruled by Raja Hari Chand Katoch of Kangra (also known as Raja Hari Chand II) Mughal Emperor Jahangir with the help of Suraj Mal garrisoned with his troops.

What is the old name of district Kangra?

Kangra was known as Nagarkot in ancient and medieval times, when it was a fortress stronghold of the Rajput rajas. Maḥmūd of Ghazna, the Turkish conqueror, sacked the town in 1009, as did Fīrūz Shah Tughluq in 1360. It was later held by the Mughals.

Who named Chamba town?

5. Sahil Varman (920 AD) - Sahil Varman (920 AD) founded the city of Chamba. Raja Sahil Varman had ten sons and a daughter named Champa Vati. He named the city of Chamba after his daughter Champa Vati.

Who attacked Nagarkot Temple?

1007 : Mahmud of Ghazni attacked and crushed Sukha Pala, ruler of Bhatinda. 1011 : Ghazni raided Nagarkot in the Punjab hills.

Which is the oldest river in Himachal Pradesh?

Satluj is an ancient river, one of the tributaries of Indus River and one of the five rivers that give the state of Punjab its name. Satluj enters India near Shipki La Pass from where it traverses thr...

Who founded Himachal Pradesh?

On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister.

What is the old name of Himachal Pradesh?

Trigarta:The state lay in the foothills drained by three rivers, i.e. Ravi, Beas and Satluj and hence the name. It is believed to have been an independent republic. Kuluta:The kingdom of Kilita was situated in the upper Beas valley which is also known as the Kully valley. Its capital was Naggar.

Who was the last king of Himachal Pradesh?

Raja Mahendra Pal, who was appointed the king of the royal empire at the age of three in 1937, had passed away on July 20. Kutlehar estate, whose origin dates back to 750 AD, was the last royal estate of Himachal to be merged into Indian province that ended its independent rule of centuries.

Who attacked Kangra Fort?

In 1337, the fort was attacked by Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, and in 1357 by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, though both sultans remained unsuccessful in capturing it. There is an old popular pahadi saying that goes 'Whoever holds the Kangra fort holds the hills.

Where is Nagarkot fort located?

Located about 20km from Dharmshala, Kangra Fort holds immense historical and religious importance. Locals call this fort as 'the Nagarkot' or 'Kot Kangra. ' Built on a steep hill, the Kangra Fort is located at the confluence of the Patal Ganga (Manjhi) River and the Banganga River.

Who established Trigart fort at Kangra first time?

The founder of Trigarta is mentioned as Susarma/Susharman in the Mahabharata. He was credited with building the Nagarkot/Kangra fort.

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