Two main types of Cambodian weaving are ikat technique, complex patterned fabrics with tie-dyed portions of the weft yarn, and uneven twill created with single or two colour fabrics created with weaving three different threads. Textile weaving has seen a major revival in recent years.
There are two main types of Cambodian weaving. The ikat technique (Khmer: chong kiet), which produces patterned fabric, is quite complex. To create patterns, weavers tie-dye portions of weft yarn before weaving begins. Patterns are diverse and vary by region; common motifs include lattice, stars, and spots.
IKAT – There are various kinds of IKAT but IKAT fabric is considered one of the main Cambodian fabric weaves. IKAT involves the tying section of the weft yarn that will resist a dye. Those sections that are not dyed or dyed in another color will then form a pattern on the weft and eventually on the fabric itself.
Silk weaving has been part of Cambodia culture for centuries. At Angkor Wat, the ancient temple complex built in the early 12th century, images of women wearing traditional silk garments that are still worn today are carved in bas-relief.
The Ikat technique (also called "chong kiet" in Khmer) is one of the most ancient weaving techniques in the world and is used to create designs in fabrics.
Applied Arts and Crafts
Two main types of Cambodian weaving are ikat technique, complex patterned fabrics with tie-dyed portions of the weft yarn, and uneven twill created with single or two colour fabrics created with weaving three different threads.
Cambodia. The Cambodian ikat is a weft ikat woven of silk on a multi-shaft loom with an uneven twill weave, which results in the weft threads showing more prominently on the front of the fabric than the back. By the 19th century, Cambodian ikat was considered among the finest textiles of the world.
The weaver interlaces the silk threads of weft and warp. The shuttle passes through the opens formed when the pedal is operated to interlock the threads of warp and the weft. Once the shuttle is passed, the suspended sley is pulled to form the weave.
Cambodia's golden silk is spun from the cocoons of golden silkworms, rather than the white ones found elsewhere in the world, which have adapted to the warm tropical climate of northern Cambodia and feed on a native variety of mulberry.
At IKTT, the craftspeople use banana fiber to tie the threads and create a resist pattern for dyeing. The banana fiber is waterproof which allows it to stand up to the multiple dyeing processes needed to create the intricate ikat designs.
Batik is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this technique. Batik is made either by drawing dots and lines of the resist with a spouted tool called a canting, or by printing the resist with a copper stamp called a cap.
Vietnams Textiles. Vietnam has a centuries-old tradition of silk weaving and embroidery. In Vietnam during feudal times silk was considered an extreme luxury. Associated with nobility, silk was worn only by Kings, queens and mandarins.
Continuous Brocade (Kit) and Supplementary Weft (Chok) are largely used in Laos to create a wide range of complex patterns and designs with various colors. Kit, Chok and Tapestry weave technique are popular among the Tai-Lue people of Northern Laos. They are traditional techniques used to make the sinh.
The weave is inherently sturdy: Twills have more yarns per square inch than plain weaves. A 2/1 twill is called an uneven twill and a warp-face twill, uneven because of the two to one ratio, and warp-face because there will be more warp than weft yarns on the surface. Gabardine is an example.
Golden threads were traditionally used for weaving luxurious sampot chang kben, a garment worn by the country's elite. While Cambodia now imports up to 95% of its raw silk from Vietnam, a few organisations, including Artisans Angkor, have set out to revive local sericulture on a massive scale.
Cambodian Ikat is a weft Ikat, woven using a multi shaft loom. It has an uneven twill weave, meaning the weft threads are more visible on the front side of the fabric. The most complex Khmer Ikat is that of the Pedan. The Pedan is a fabric traditionally woven as a wall hanging for religious ceremonies.
Culture & Religion
Throughout Cambodia's long history, religion has been a major source of cultural inspiration. Over nearly two millennia, Cambodians have developed a unique Khmer culture and belief system from the syncretism of indigenous animistic beliefs and the Indian religions of Buddhism and Hinduism.
Weaving in the Philippines dates back to the 13th century. It makes use of local cotton, fibers, abaca, and pineapple as raw material. Today, there are about 450 weaving groups across Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, making up a population of roughly 5000, and producing a total revenue of about P150 M.
A 'handloom' is a loom that is used to weave cloth without the use of any electricity. Hand weaving is done on pit looms or frame looms generally located in weavers' homes. Weaving is primarily the interlacing of two sets of yarn – the warp (length) and the weft (width).
Three types of weaves: plain, twill, and satin. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The manner in which the yarns are interlaced determines the type of weave. The yarn count and number of warp and filling yarns to the square inch determine the closeness or looseness of a weave.
Yellow and Green - Dyed using the bark of the Prohut tree. The Prohut tree has always been a central part of Cambodian natural dye, however, we have had to do careful research to replant them in the right way.
There are two main types of Cambodian weaving. The ikat technique (Khmer: chong kiet), which produces patterned fabric, is quite complex. To create patterns, weavers tie-dye portions of weft yarn before weaving begins. ... The second weaving technique, unique to Cambodia, is called "uneven twill".
The Cambodian arts and crafts are worth appreciating wherein weaving, carving and sculpting are given great importance. The concept of silk weaving, basket making, wood carving, silver working and stone sculpting are some of the ancient traditions of Khmer people that last till date in the region of Cambodia.
For many thousands of years, the art of stone carving has flourished in Cambodia. From the small statues made by local artisans to the famous, breathtaking carvings found at Angkor Wat, stone carving has become one of the country's most cherished art forms.