From the beginning of her career Zaha Hadid was influenced by the artist Kazimir Malevich, who led her to use paint as a tool for architectonic exploration. During the 1980s, before Zaha had realized any of her works, she was faced with many fruitful years of theoretical architectural design.
The late Zaha Hadid took inspiration from nature's large, sweeping gestures. The organic, curvilinear shape of the Hungerburgbahn, a train station in Innsbruck, echoes the contours of a glacier in its graceful curves and the materiality of ice in the white double-curved glass.
Zaha Hadid's design philosophy
Hadid stated that her architectural designs were not intended as a personal stamp on the world, or an act of self-indulgence. Rather, addressing 21st-century challenges and opportunities is the cornerstone to Zaha Hadid's style and creations.
Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid (1950–2016) left an indelible mark on the architectural landscape. Her striking structures grace the skylines of major metropolitan cities, while her product designs, including furniture, jewelry, lighting, and shoes, can be found in homes around the world.
The Iraqi-British Zaha Hadid became famous for her intensely futuristic architecture characterized by curving façades, sharp angles, and severe materials such as concrete and steel.
The study resulted in exposing the six techniques she uses to design the architectural form which are abstraction and fragmentation; idea of the ground and gravity; landscaping project and the surrounding context; Layering; play of light; seamlessness and fluidity.
“I've been interested in fashion since I was a kid. I used to alter my clothes, cut the sleeves off… Then I went through a phase in London when I used to wrap myself up in fabric. I'd attach it together with pins or staplers, staple together a whole outfit. That's what I wore all the time, winter and summer.
Zaha Hadid was an Iraqi-British Architect, who was the first woman to be awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize. Her style was intensely futuristic architecture characterized by curving facades, sharp angles, and using materials such as concrete and steel.
Biomimicry can work on three levels: the organism, its behaviors, and the ecosystem.
Organic architecture is a type of architectural design wherein buildings are inspired by, built around, and blend in with their natural surroundings. The term organic architecture was coined by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright.
Biophilic design dates back to the early 1980s, when the biologist Edward O. Wilson outlined his philosophy of biophilia, hypothesizing that humans have an innate, biological affinity for the natural world.
Biophilic design is an approach to architecture that seeks to connect building occupants more closely to nature. Biophilic designed buildings incorporate things like natural lighting and ventilation, natural landscape features and other elements for creating a more productive and healthy built environment for people.
Biomimicry in architecture is often used to seek sustainable measures by understanding the principles governing the form rather than replicating the mere form itself. It applies to several aspects of the architectural and engineering field in terms of materials, structural systems, design, and much more.
Obviously black. But with different textures.
Influenced by Malevich, Tatlin and Rodchenko, she used calligraphic drawings as the main method for visualising her architectural ideas. For Hadid, painting was a design tool, and abstraction an investigative structure for imagining architecture and its relationship to the world we live in.
What Is Biomimicry in Architecture? Biomimicry in architecture and manufacturing is the practice of designing buildings and products that simulate or co-opt processes that occur in nature. There are ultrastrong synthetic spider silks, adhesives modeled after gecko feet, and wind-turbine blades that mimic whale fins.
Mimetic architecture, also known as 'novelty' or 'programmatic' architecture, is a style of building design popularised in the United States in the first-half of the 20th century. It is characterised by unusual building designs that mimic the purpose or function of the building, or the product it is associated with.
While biophilia is the theory, biophilic design as advocated by Kellert et al. (2008) and Beatley (2010) internationally involves a process that offers a sustainable design strategy that incorporates reconnecting people with the natural environment.
Green architecture is a philosophy focused on designing buildings with the lowest possible negative impact on the surrounding environment by using sustainable materials and energy sources in construction.
2.3 Nature-Design Relationships. Biophilic design can be organized into three categories – Nature in the Space, Natural Analogues, and Nature of the Space – providing a framework for understanding and enabling thoughtful incorporation of a rich diversity of strategies into the built environment.
The concept was introduced by E.O. Wilson in his 1984 book Biophilia. Wilson, a renowned biologist and University Research Professor Emeritus at Harvard, outlined a fundamental tendency of human beings to be attracted to nature and emulate its processes and structures in everyday life.
Biophilic design has a more qualitative goal, specifically human well-being tied to the presence of natural elements in buildings, such as greenery and water, or access to attributes and qualities found in nature.
Biophilic art challenges our perceived separation from the rest of nature. Like biophilic design integrates nature into our cities, biophilic art is a process that helps us to presence a connection with our natural selves.
The term originates from the use, by the pioneer modern architect and painter Le Corbusier, of 'beton brut' – raw concrete in French. Banham gave the French word a punning twist to express the general horror with which this concrete architecture was greeted in Britain.