Early music generally comprises Medieval music (500–1400) and
(up to 1400) The first fully acknowledged era in classical music was the Renaissance period, beginning in around 1400. There was, however, all sorts of music before that, much of it laying the foundations for the composers who were to come – and this all is what we refer to today as the Early period.
The 6 musical periods are classified as Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and 20th/21st Century, with each fitting into an approximate time frame.
The first 3 periods (Baroque, Classical, and Romantic) are classified under an overarching time called the Common Practice Period (1600 - 1900).
The current period encompasses the 20th and the 21st century to date and includes the Modernist musical era and the Contemporary or Postmodern musical era, the dates of which are often disputed.
The Classical period of music was an era that lasted from approximately 1730 to 1820, although variations on it extended well into the middle of the nineteenth century.
The Classical era in music is compositionally defined by the balanced eclecticism of the late 18th- and early 19th-century Viennese “school” of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert, who completely absorbed and individually fused or transformed the vast array of 18th-century textures and formal types.
The Modern Period in Western music history lasted from approximately 1890 to 1945. As with Romanticism, Modernism is both a historical time period as well as a philosophical aesthetic. In everyday conversation, “modern” typically means current or recent.
The Baroque period of music occurred from roughly 1600 to 1750. It was preceded by the Renaissance era and followed by the Classical era.
Pre-Baroque music is a very loose term referring to Western music created before the Baroque era (before 1600).
Baroque music, a style of music that prevailed during the period from about 1600 to about 1750, known for its grandiose, dramatic, and energetic spirit but also for its stylistic diversity. Keyboard Sonata in D Minor, K 64, by Domenico Scarlatti, played on the piano.
The first modern style to emerge was Impressionism—developed in the late 1890s by the French composer Claude DEBUSSY as a rejection of excessive Wagnerian German Romanticism. Modeled after the impressionistic art movement, musical impressionism is based on understatement, blurred effects, and the creative use of color.
The Modern Age—Modernity. The Modern Age. It is also referred to as modernity. is the post-Medieval era, beginning roughly after the 14th century, a wide span of time marked in part by technological innovations, urbanization, scientific discoveries, and globalization.
Emile Berliner made vinyl a mass-market reality in Montréal
At the turn of the 20th century, Berliner invented the technology behind recorded music and the means to distribute it on a mass scale.
Derived from the Portuguese barroco, or “oddly shaped pearl,” the term “baroque” has been widely used since the nineteenth century to describe the period in Western European art music from about 1600 to 1750.
The name classical is applied to the period because in art and literature, there was keen interest in, admiration for, and emulation of the classical artistic and literary heritage of Greece and Rome. Intellectually, this era has also been labeled the Age of Enlightenment.
The Classical era (1750–1830)
But the Classical (big C) era specifically refers to music composed between 1750 and 1830. Classical era music is sometimes even referred to as 'Viennese Classicism'. The city was a bustling hub of musical activity at the time, home to Gluck, Haydn, Salieri, Mozart, Beethoven and Schubert.
sonata form, also called first-movement form or sonata-allegro form, musical structure that is most strongly associated with the first movement of various Western instrumental genres, notably, sonatas, symphonies, and string quartets.
What is this? This post will act as a guide to the different periods of classical music, with an overview of the six main eras: Medieval music, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and 20th Century classical. That's a time span of more than one and a half millennia!
“Hurrian Hymn No. 6” is considered the world's earliest melody, but the oldest musical composition to have survived in its entirety is a first century A.D. Greek tune known as the “Seikilos Epitaph.” The song was found engraved on an ancient marble column used to mark a woman's gravesite in Turkey.
In the middle of the 18th century, Europe began to move toward a new style in architecture, literature, and the arts, generally known as Classicism. This style sought to emulate the ideals of Classical antiquity, especially those of Classical Greece.
Really simply put, there are four periods in the history of Western classical music: baroque, classical, romantic, and 20th century.
In the end, be it called the Lyric Age, the Age of Colonization, the Age of Tyrants, the Age of Lawgivers or simply the Pre-Classical Age, these three centuries of Greek civilization (800-500 BCE) are by any name one of the great revolutionary periods in human history.
Making music is a universal human trait that goes back to at least 35,000 years ago. Explore the evidence for some of the world's earliest musical instruments.