Arguably one of the most popular Git branching strategies, Git flow was introduced by software developer Vincent Driessen in 2010 with the intent of simplifying release management.
The original GitFlow created by Vincent Driessen might be your best enterprise/release option if you're working with a majority of junior developers.
Git is the most commonly used version control system today. A Git workflow is a recipe or recommendation for how to use Git to accomplish work in a consistent and productive manner. Git workflows encourage developers and DevOps teams to leverage Git effectively and consistently.
One well-known branching strategy is called Git Flow. The main branch always reflects the current production state. There is a second long-running branch, typically called develop. All feature branches start from here and will be merged into develop.
Without a single workflow, a team's development could be chaotic and slow down cycle time. Git workflows empower teams to determine roles and responsibilities, set boundaries, and identify areas of improvement.
The first step is to stage the changes to commit using the git add command. You can add multiple files at a single time, separating their name by space. The last step is to commit the changes using the git commit command.
The benefit of git (e.g., with respect to SVN) is that creating and merging branches are easy and cheap operations. Therefore, you can ideally have one local branch for each new feature under development/testing.
Instead of a single main branch, this workflow uses two branches to record the history of the project.
If your organization is on a monthly or quarterly release cycle and it's a team that works on multiple releases in parallel, Gitflow may be a good choice for you. If your team is a startup, or an internet-facing website or web application, where you may have multiple releases in a day; gitflow isn't good for you.
Git Flow is usually more complicated than GitHub flow. It is used when your software has the concept of “release”. This flow works perfectly when you work in a team of one or more developers and they collaborate on the same feature.
Thus, the actual answer to this question should be: You don't necessarily need the develop branch if you adapt your workflow as described in the linked posts. Still, you wouldn't merge your features into the release branches, but to the master branch, as you want them to be available in the future versions as well.
GitHub Flow was popularized by GitHub as a simpler alternative to GitFlow. It calls for the following workflow: Trunk is always releasable, and in fact, releases are generally done directly from it. Each developer creates a new branch, the feature branch, for their changes from trunk.
GitLab provides templates that set up workflow: rules for common scenarios. These templates help prevent duplicate pipelines. The Branch-Pipelines template makes your pipelines run for branches and tags.
Trunk-based development is a version control management practice where developers merge small, frequent updates to a core “trunk” or main branch. Since it streamlines merging and integration phases, it helps achieve CI/CD and increases software delivery and organizational performance.
GitLab Flow incorporates a pre-production branch to make bug fixes before merging changes back to main before going to production. Teams can add as many pre-production branches as needed — for example, from main to test, from test to acceptance, and from acceptance to production.
Git tracks file changes by the user creating a save point, or in Git terms a commit. Each commit takes a snapshot of the current file system rather than storing just the changes made since the last commit. This allows a commit ot be extracted and the whole history not required to rebuild the file system.
Overview. GitHub Actions is a continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) platform that allows you to automate your build, test, and deployment pipeline. You can create workflows that build and test every pull request to your repository, or deploy merged pull requests to production.
Git allows us to have multiple repos, unlike centralized version control systems. This is why we call it a "distributed" system. However, Git allows more than one kind of distributed workflow. This way, teams can adopt workflows that work for their projects.
In fact, I would say that your mantra when doing collaborative work should be: "Always be branching, and always be pulling." Specifically, before you make a pull request, you should pull from the main branch to preemtively check for any conflicts.