Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the Neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century in Italy and France. It became one of the most prominent architectural styles in the Western world.
Neoclassical architecture refers to a style of buildings constructed during the revival of Classical Greek and Roman architecture that began around 1750 and flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Neoclassical architecture, revival of Classical architecture during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Notable examples of neoclassical architecture include Karl Friedrich Schinkel's Old Museum in Berlin, Sir John Soane's Bank of England in London, and the White House in Washington D.C.
Because the style was more scaled down and flexible than its grander cousin, the Beaux-Arts, Neoclassical spread prolifically throughout the U.S. and became popular for a wide range of everyday buildings.
Definition of neoclassical
: of, relating to, or constituting a revival or adaptation of the classical especially in literature, music, art, or architecture.
Italy was one of the main centres of the Neoclassical architecture and its key practitioners included Luigi Vanvitelli and Ferdinando Fuga. Meanwhile in France, Claude-Nicolas Ledoux was a leading Neoclassical architect. Beyond those two nations, the style found favour throughout Europe.
Quite simply it means “new traditional.” In terms of architecture, it refers to buildings that borrow design elements from the past. While the designs are historically traditional, modern materials are used to add these nostalgic details to your new home.
Early American architects who used neoclassical designs included Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), who designed the Virginia State Capitol and Monticello; William Thornton (1759-1828) who, along with Benjamin Latrobe (1764-1820) and Charles Bulfinch (1863-1844), designed the US Capitol Building (1793-1829) in Washington DC ...
Neoclassical architecture was a movement that began in Europe in the 1700s, during the development of the United States. This style was inspired by the classics of the ancient Greeks and Romans and influenced the founders of the new America.
Neoclassicism is characterized by clarity of form, sober colors, shallow space, strong horizontal and verticals that render that subject matter timeless (instead of temporal as in the dynamic Baroque works), and Classical subject matter (or classicizing contemporary subject matter).
Symmetrical neoclassical buildings modeled after classical Greek and Roman temples were thought to symbolize principles of justice and democracy.
The main Neoclassical movement coincided with the 18th-century Age of Enlightenment, and continued into the early 19th century, laterally competing with Romanticism. In architecture, the style continued throughout the 19th, 20th and up to the 21st century.
Although they may call it “New Classical Architecture.” Three types of neoclassical architecture are Classical block style, Palladian Style, and “Temple Style.”
Neoclassical architecture was based on the principles of simplicity, symmetry, and mathematics, which were seen as virtues of the arts in Ancient Greece and Rome. It also evolved the more recent influences of the equally antiquity-informed 16th century Renaissance Classicism.
The most famous temple style buildings of the Neoclassical age may be the Panthéon (Paris, by Jacques-Germain Soufflot) and the British Museum (London, by Robert Smirke). The former is Roman-based (modelled after the Pantheon in Rome), while the latter is Greek-based.
Neoclassicism was inspired by the discovery of ancient Greek and Roman archeological sites and artifacts that became known throughout Europe in popular illustrated reports of various travel expeditions.
Neoclassical architecture first arose in the mid-18th century in Italy, and from there spread to France and then across the western world to become one of the most iconic and prominent styles of architecture in modern history.
The U.S. Capitol's designs, derived from ancient Greece and Rome, evoke the ideals that guided the nation's founders as they framed their new republic. In the 1850s, architect Thomas U. Walter added to the original design while maintaining the neoclassical styles.
Why did Neoclassicism appeal to political leaders in the 19th century? Duty to a higher cause, such as one's country or its ruler, as well as the sense of decorum and appropriateness are emphasized.
Neoclassical art, also called Neoclassicism and Classicism, a widespread and influential movement in painting and the other visual arts that began in the 1760s, reached its height in the 1780s and '90s, and lasted until the 1840s and '50s.
Influence of the Classics
The period is called neoclassical because its writers looked back to the ideals and art forms of classical times, emphasizing even more than their Renaissance predecessors the classical ideals of order and rational control.
Neoclassicism in art focuses on the ideal human form as opposed to the less than perfect shapes of real people. Subjects of paintings echo ancient classical history and dress. In portraiture, even if the subject was living in 18th-century France, they're depicted in the clothing of ancient Greece.