pillar, in architecture and building construction, any isolated, vertical structural member such as a pier, column, or post. It may be constructed of a single piece of stone or wood or built up of units, such as bricks.
Main Difference Between Pillar and Column
Pillars are a solid upright structure that supports a bigger architectural structure. On the other hand, the column is a particular type of pillar that arises from the base and rests on the foundation.
In structural engineering, pillars support heavy loads above them. They often sit under beams or arches on which walls or ceilings rest. A pillar transmits the weight of structures above it to other structures below it through compression.
What Is the Difference Between a Beam and Pillar? In architecture and building construction, pillar refers to any isolated, vertical structural member such as a pier, column, or post. A beam is a structural element that is capable of bearing load principally by resisting against bending.
However, whereas a pillar does not necessarily have a load-bearing function, a column is a vertical structural member that is intended to transfer a compressive load. For example, a column might transfer loads from a ceiling, floor, or roof slab, or from a beam, to a floor or foundations.
There are approximately 15 nos of pillars/ column are required for 1200 sq ft house construction. Thus, you will need 12 or 14 even number of pillars as per vastu for 1200 sq ft house.
Concrete pillar monuments can vary greatly in design, but are generally simple monuments consisting of reinforced concrete set within a tubular concrete form. The leveling mount and GPS antenna are secured to a stainless steel pin which is anchored within the top of the pillar.
The beam carries the load from slab and transfers it to the column from, column it is transferred to the footing and from footing finally to the soil. Whereas lintel carries the load of the wall above the openings and transfers it to walls only.
A column is a vertical structural member intended to transfer a compressive load. For example, a column might transfer loads from a ceiling, floor or roof slab or from a beam, to a floor or foundations.
A column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below. In other words, a column is a compression member.
Yeah you can build structure up to 3 floors without columns. The provision of columns depends on the type of structure you are going to build, for a grey structure there is no need of provision columns and beams, in this type of structures the function of beams and columns are carried by load bearing walls.
The three major classical orders are Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The orders describe the form and decoration of Greek and later Roman columns, and continue to be widely used in architecture today.
There is no column to take the load of slab. Slab load is directly transfered to walls then foundation then to the soil. Load bearing structure – In this type of construction of structural system, the load of the upper floors or slab is taken by the walls and the transnfered to ground below.
The normal spacing among two columns is 5 meter or 16.40 feet. The maximum spacing among two columns is 7.5 meter or 24 feet. (Since 1 meter is similar to 3.28084 feet). The minimum spacing among two columns is 2 to 3 meter or 5 to 7 feet.
These four types of columns were Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, and Tuscan. These columns look straight and uniform from a distance.
In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster). It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface.
It may be constructed of a single piece of stone or wood or built up of units, such as bricks. It may be any shape in cross section. A pillar commonly has a load-bearing or stabilizing function, but it may also stand alone, as do commemorative pillars.
A lintel or lintol is a type of beam (a horizontal structural element) that spans openings such as portals, doors, windows and fireplaces. It can be a decorative architectural element, or a combined ornamented structural item.
Simply put a lintel is a beam that is usually placed above windows and doors. The lintel's main job is to support the load from the structure above it. Both doors and windows are not constructed to structurally withstand massive loads by themselves. Lintels are mainly found in masonry or brick structures.
Check Out the Building Plans
The best place to start is by consulting any building plans or original blueprints you may have. These should indicate whether your interior columns or exterior porch columns are load bearing or simply decorative. If a wall or column is structural, it will usually be marked with an "S".
Photo: Steel skeleton: You might look at a building and think the walls hold it up, but a modern building is just as likely to be supported by a hidden steel framework. In this partly constructed community center, a web of giant, interlocked, steel girders acts like a skeleton, resting on concrete foundations.
Beam vs Column
The beam is a horizontal structural component that mainly carries vertical loads. In contrast, columns are vertical compression members that span from substructure to superstructure and have a vital role in transferring load from the top of the structure to the foundation.
Pillars or columns are vertical structures that support a much larger structure like a horizontal beam or a building. In modern homes, pillars can play a functional role or can be simply used for decorative purposes.
There are atleast 28 nos of pillars/ column are required for 2400 sq ft house, 18 nos for 1500 sq ft, 20 nos for 1600 sq ft, 21 nos for 1800 sq ft, 24 nos for 2000 – 2100 sq ft, 9 nos for 400 – 500 sq ft, 12 nos for 600 sq ft and 15 nos pillars for 800 – 1000 – 1200 sq ft house construction.