The Expressionists were influenced by various artists and sources including Edvard Munch, Vincent van Gogh, and African art. They were also aware of the work being done by the Fauves in Paris, who influenced Expressionism's tendency toward arbitrary colours and jarring compositions.
Expressionism in literature arose as a reaction against materialism, complacent bourgeois prosperity, rapid mechanization and urbanization, and the domination of the family within pre-World War I European society.
Expressionism originated from a group of artists in Germany during the late 1800s. They viewed the Industrial Revolution as alienating and dehumanizing. They also disliked 19th-century impressionism. A genre that focused on color and “pretty” works of art with no depth.
Expressionism was heavily influenced by expressionist art and protest movements of the time. Originating primarily in Germany and Austria, expressionist music's freely displayed angst and turmoil attracted some of the 20th century's most respected and diverse composers from the United States and around the world.
Although it included various artists and styles, Expressionism first emerged in 1905, when a group of four German architecture students who desired to become painters - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, and Erich Heckel - formed the group Die Brücke (The Bridge) in the city of Dresden.
The Abstract Expressionists were deeply influenced by the idea of exploring the unconscious which reigned in Surrealism, and by the ideas of Swiss psychologist Carl Jung and his exploration of myths and archetypes. They also gravitated towards existentialist philosophers like Jean-Paul Sartre.
Norwegian artist Edvard Munch was a key forerunner of the Expressionism movement. Closely associated with Symbolism and Symbolist painting, he is best known for his images of anxiety, isolation, rejection, sensuality and death, many of which reflected his neurotic and tragic life.
What are the characteristics of Expressionism? Expressionist art tried to convey emotion and meaning rather than reality. Each artist had their own unique way of "expressing" their emotions in their art. In order to express emotion, the subjects are often distorted or exaggerated.
But the real forerunners of Impressionist painters are: Daumier (1808-79) and the painters of sea and water, Eugene Boudin (1824-98) and Jongkind (1819-1891). They also lived through plein-air painting and practised it throughout their lives.
Expressionism emerged simultaneously in various cities across Germany as a response to a widespread anxiety about humanity's increasingly discordant relationship with the world and accompanying lost feelings of authenticity and spirituality.
Expressionism is a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Northern Europe around the beginning of the 20th century.
The three central figures of musical expressionism are Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951) and his pupils, Anton Webern (1883–1945) and Alban Berg (1885–1935), the so-called Second Viennese School.
Expressionism was an art movement and international tendency at the beginning of the 20th century, which spanned the visual arts, literature, music, theatre and architecture. The aim of Expressionist artists was to express emotional experience, rather than physical reality.
Rather than trying to accurately represent the world, as artists had been doing since the Renaissance, Expressionist artists sought to express their subjective inner emotions, fantasies, or thoughts independent from “reality”.
The Impressionists were inspired by Manet's example to follow their own creative paths, and while their subject-matter was generally less outrageous than Manet's nude picnic, his pioneering work cleared the space necessary for them to work in the way they wanted to.
Manet influenced the development of impressionism. He painted everyday objects. Pissaro and Sisley painted the French countryside and river scenes. Degas enjoyed painting ballet dancers and horse races.
European's also began using Japanese objects and props in their paintings. This included but was not limited to fans, vases, and kimonos. Impressionists were captivated by the Japanese art. Moreover, Japanese impressionist art influenced many great European impressionists such as Monet, Mary Cassatt, and Degas.
In 1885, Edvard Munch traveled to Paris, and was extremely influenced by Impressionists such as Claude Monet, Edouard Manet, and followed by the post-impressionism artists Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, and Paul Gauguin. In fact, the main style of Munch's work is post-impressionism, and focused on this style.
When he painted The Scream in 1893, Munch was inspired by “a gust of melancholy,” as he declared in his diary. It's because of this, coupled with the artist's personal life trauma, that the painting takes on a feeling of alienation, of the abnormal.
Munch is considered to be a father of Expressionism. This movement manifested in the German-speaking countries, a place where Munch's work had been widely seen and enthusiastically received, as well as where he lived for extended periods of time.
Another important influence on nascent Abstract Expressionism was the arrival on American shores in the late 1930s and early '40s of a host of Surrealists and other important European avant-garde artists who were fleeing Nazi-dominated Europe.
Abstract Expressionist painters explored new ways of creating art, reinvigorating and reinventing the medium. They changed the nature of painting with their large, abstract canvases, energetic and gestural lines, and new artistic processes.
Key Ideas & Accomplishments. Political instability in Europe in the 1930s brought several leading Surrealists to New York, and many of the Abstract Expressionists were profoundly influenced by Surrealism's focus on mining the unconscious.
Extreme angles, flattened forms, garish colors, and distorted views distinguish Expressionism, an international movement in art, architecture, literature, and performance that flourished between 1905 and 1920, especially in Germany and Austria.
Postmodern artists, writers, and philosophers who were open to questioning socially constructed identities challenged preconceived notions of sexuality and gender and inspired widespread change. Technology: Technology has directly influenced two major themes of the Postmodern Period: digitalization and globalization.