If the moon exploded, the night sky would change. We would see more stars in the sky, but we would also see more meteors and experience more meteorites. The position of the Earth in space would change and temperatures and seasons would dramatically alter, and our ocean tides would be much weaker.
The debris striking Earth would still be destructive, but would impact our world with less than 1% the total energy of a comparably sized asteroid. If the chunks hitting us were small enough, humanity could easily survive.
It is the pull of the Moon's gravity on the Earth that holds our planet in place. Without the Moon stabilising our tilt, it is possible that the Earth's tilt could vary wildly. It would move from no tilt (which means no seasons) to a large tilt (which means extreme weather and even ice ages).
Short answer: Technically it's possible that the Earth and Moon could collide in the very distant future, but it's very unlikely. It's certainly not going to happen while any of us are alive. Long answer: The Moon is in a stable orbit around Earth.
At more temperate latitudes, the rings would look like a giant arch, crossing from one end of the sky to the other. These glittering rings would neither rise nor set, and would always appear in the exact same place in the sky. These cosmic landmarks would be visible both day and night.
Unless a rogue object passes through our Solar System and ejects the Earth, this inspiral will continue, eventually leading the Earth to fall into our Sun's stellar corpse when the Universe is some ten quadrillion times its current age.
Eternal night would fall over the planet and Earth will start traveling into interstellar space at 18 miles per second. Within 2 seconds, the full moon reflecting the sun's rays on the dark side of the planet would also go dark.
With no sunlight, photosynthesis would stop, but that would only kill some of the plants—there are some larger trees that can survive for decades without it. Within a few days, however, the temperatures would begin to drop, and any humans left on the planet's surface would die soon after.
Within a week after the explosion, the surface temperature on Earth would drop to -18°C (0°F). Within a year, temperatures would plummet to about -73°C (-100°F). At this point, the oceans would begin to freeze from the top down.
If the Sun miraculously disappeared, the Earth (and all the other objects in the Solar System) would continue their forward motion in a straight line off into space, instead of following their almost-circular orbits. For the Earth this means it would head off towards the stars at about 30km/s (67,000mph).
If Earth had two moons, it would be catastrophic. An extra moon would lead to larger tides and wipe out major cities like New York and Singapore. The extra pull of the moons would also slow down the Earth's rotation, causing the day to get longer.
The upshot: Earth has at least 1.5 billion years left to support life, the researchers report this month in Geophysical Research Letters. If humans last that long, Earth would be generally uncomfortable for them, but livable in some areas just below the polar regions, Wolf suggests.
Human survival on Mars would require living in artificial Mars habitats with complex life-support systems. One key aspect of this would be water processing systems. Being made mainly of water, a human being would die in a matter of days without it.
As the Earth spins, these bulges move across the Earth's surface like a wave, pushing against the Earth's spin. This slows down the Earth's spin. It means that Earth's day lengthens by one second every 50,000 years. The only thing that could stop the Earth's spin would be if another planet crashed into it.
Our Sun is too small a star to end its life as a black hole. But what would happen if the Sun were suddenly replaced with a black hole of the same mass? Contrary to popular belief, the Solar System would not be sucked in: a solar-mass black hole would exert no more gravitational pull than our Sun.
There would be no oxygen on Earth were it not for sunlight; the key component in photosynthesis. Now researchers have made the surprising discovery that oxygen is also produced without sunlight, possibly deep below the ocean surface.
Meanwhile, the orbits of the planets in our solar system would be thrown into complete chaos. Our planets have stable orbits because they orbit a single massive body, the sun. With three suns, and three massive points in space constantly changing their positions, all of these orbits would be disrupted.
This means Earth will likely still be vaporised by the growing star. But don't worry, this scorching destruction of Earth is a long way off: about 7.59 billion years in the future, according to some calculations.
Global sea level rise accelerated since 2013 to a new high in 2021, with continued ocean warming and ocean acidification. The report combines input from multiple United Nations agencies, national meteorological and hydrological services and scientific experts.
Our Sun is middle-aged, with about five billion years left in its lifespan. However, it's expected to go through some changes as it gets older, as we all do — and these changes will affect our planet.