Today, Ibsen is known as the “Father of Modern Drama.” Ibsen's plays pioneered realistic dialogue and characters with psychological depth on the stage, and gave birth to the modern movement in drama.
Ibsen's main inspiration in the early period, right up to Peer Gynt, was apparently Norwegian author Henrik Wergeland and the Norwegian folk tales as collected by Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe. In Ibsen's youth, Wergeland was the most acclaimed, and by far the most read, Norwegian poet and playwright.
In the late 19th century, the playwright Henrik Ibsen completely rewrote the rules of drama with a realism that we still see in theatres today. He turned the European stage away from what it had become – a plaything and distraction for the bored – and introduced a new order of moral analysis.
All of Ibsen's plays, and particularly his masterpiece Hedda Gabler, deeply influenced those following in his footsteps. Two of his younger contemporaries, Strindberg and Chekhov, while disliking Ibsen, continued to explore in their works the modern tragedy that Ibsen had created.
Ibsen's best-known plays included A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Peer Gynt, The Wild Duck, Brand, and Rosmersholm.
Henrik is considered the father of modern drama because he is among the founders of modernism in drama or the Norwegian theatre. In addition, he is also referred to as the father of theatre's realism. This is because, while composing his plays, Henrik made use of real-life characters and created practical scenes.
Henrik Ibsen was born on March 20, 1828, in Skien, Norway. In 1862, he was exiled to Italy, where he wrote the tragedy Brand. In 1868, Ibsen moved to Germany, where he wrote one of his most famous works: the play A Doll's House. In 1890, he wrote Hedda Gabler, creating one of theater's most notorious characters.
Ibsen never explicitly identified himself as a feminist but some of his speeches and acquaintances prove that he was concerned with the women's cause; this is also proven by his play's development and characters.
Shaw had been writing plays for years before his first public success, Arms and the Man in 1894. Influenced by Henrik Ibsen, he sought to introduce a new realism into English-language drama, using his plays as vehicles to disseminate his political, social and religious ideas.
Ibsen considered himself a realist author, and for him that meant presenting the interactions among his characters as if he were a dispassionate observer documenting the truths of human behavior.
Henrik Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright in the 19th century who became well-known throughout the world for his significant influence on decades of authors and playwrights after him. Considered the father of realism, he holds a place in history as a founder of modernism in theatrical works.
His plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when Victorian values of family life and propriety largely held sway in Europe and any challenge to them was considered immoral and outrageous.
Henrik Ibsen is famously known as the Father of Modern Drama, and it is worth recognizing how literal an assessment that is. The Norwegian playwright was not merely one of a wave of new writers to experiment with dramatic form, nor did he make small improvements that were built upon by successors.
Some Important works of Henrik Ibsen
John's Eve, The Vikings at Helgeland, The League of Youth, An Enemy of the People, The Master Builder, and When We Dead Awaken. Best Poems: Besides writing plays, he tried his hands on poetry as well.
His work introduced the theater of ideas to the English stage; where Ibsen turned melodrama into naturalism, Shaw parodied melodrama in order to develop an intellectual comedy of manners. Like Wilde, Shaw took hypocrisy as one of his major themes.
Ibsen saw the women's liberation movement taking off. He saw the Danish Women's Society and the Swedish Society for Married Women's Property Rights founded in the early 1870s. He fought for women's rights at the Scandinavian Society in Rome and saw outrage at his suggestion.
A Doll's House became a voice for women's rights issues, illustrating the challenges that women faced in a male dominated culture. Ibsen's vision of humanity in an ideal community, was the motivation behind his social…
While Ibsen was not a socialist, in a letter written in 1890 he said, “I was surprised that I, who principally had made it the object of my life to delineate the characters and fortunes of men, on certain points, without consciously or directly having intended to impute anything of the kind, had come to the same ...
Ibsen is known as one of the founders of realism within theatre. The main idea of realism is that art should be a faithful representation of actual human life within a given place and time, with the implication that exposure to such a portrayal can enhance the awareness and consciousness of the audience.
—died May 23, 1906, Kristiania), Norwegian playwright. At age 23 he became theatre director and resident playwright of the new National Theatre at Bergen, charged with creating a “national drama.” He directed the Norwegian Theatre in Kristiana from 1857 to 1863, when the theatre went bankrupt.
Shakespeare is called the father of English drama because the template provided by his plays became the one that seeped into all subsequent forms more than anything before it.
According to the philosopher Flavius Philostratus, Aeschylus was known as the “Father of Tragedy.” Aeschylus' two sons also achieved prominence as tragedians. One of them, Euphorion, won first prize in his own right in 431 bc over Sophocles and Euripides.
The play was so controversial that Ibsen was forced to write a second ending that he called “a barbaric outrage” to be used only when necessary. The controversy centered around Nora's decision to abandon her children, and in the second ending she decides that the children need her more than she needs her freedom.