Gothic art was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture. It spread to all of Western Europe, and much of Northern, Southern and Central Europe, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy.
While the Gothic style can vary according to location, age, and type of building, it is often characterized by 5 key architectural elements: large stained glass windows, pointed arches, rib vaults, flying buttresses, and ornate decoration.
There are three things that make Gothic architecture Gothic: The pointed arch. The ribbed vault. The flying buttress.
The gothic style of architecture originated in Europe's Middle Ages. It is characterized by vertical proportions, pointed arches, external buttressing, and asymmetry.
We can see the development of Italian Gothic perspective in two main forms: interior perspective, providing depth to an enclosed space, and exterior perspective, with a well-established foreground, midground and background.
Three phases of Gothic architectural design can be distinguished: Early, High, and Late Gothic.
There can be no doubt that the term 'Gothic' as applied to pointed styles of ecclesiastical architecture was used at first contemptuously, and in derision, by those who were ambitious to imitate and revive the Grecian orders of architecture, after the revival of classical literature.
The single most characteristic feature of Gothic architecture is the pointed arch. This is the main difference from Romanesque architecture which had rounded arches. Other important features are the ribbed vault, flying buttress, and windows with patterns of stone lace called tracery.
The most common characteristics of Gothic cathedrals include the use of flying buttresses, pointed arches, large, elaborate windows, and stone construction with wooden accents.
Gothic sculpture was closely tied to architecture, since it was used primarily to decorate the exteriors of cathedrals and other religious buildings. The earliest Gothic sculptures were stone figures of saints and the Holy Family used to decorate the doorways, or portals, of cathedrals in France and elsewhere.
The most fundamental element of the Gothic style of architecture is the pointed arch, which was likely borrowed from Islamic architecture that would have been seen in Spain at this time. The pointed arch relieved some of the thrust, and therefore, the stress on other structural elements.
A pointed arch, ogival arch, or Gothic arch is an arch with a pointed crown, whose two curving sides meet at a relatively sharp angle at the top of the arch. This architectural element was particularly important in Gothic architecture.
Rounded arches not characteristic of the Gothic style.
Using radiocarbon dating on metal found in Gothic cathedrals, an interdisciplinary team has shown, for the first time through absolute dating, that iron was used to reinforce stone from the construction phase.
Gothic architecture is typically associated with achievements in the use of stone and glass—exemplified by the soaring vaults and delicate apertures of medieval churches.
Pointed arches were used to direct weight onto load-bearing columns at a sharp angle, thus allowing for much taller vaulted ceilings. Unlike earlier Romanesque style churches, Gothic churches emphasized height and verticality.
Nowadays, when people talk of 'gothic castles', they're usually meaning a mix of these two ideas. Gothic is taken to mean an architectural style as well as an atmosphere – of spooky, fearful, desolate and ruined old places. Eeeek! A terrifying tower of one of our favourite gothic castles – Hunyad in Transylvania.
In architecture, and specifically in Gothic architecture, a gargoyle (/ˈɡɑːrɡɔɪl/) is a carved or formed grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building, thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between.
The ribbed vaults, pointed arches, and flying buttress gave way to the construction of towering cathedrals with thinner walls, allowing for large-scale use of stained glass windows. Gothic sculptures were more realistic in comparison with Romanesque sculptures.
Late Gothic (15th-century) architecture reached its height in Germany's vaulted hall churches. Other late Gothic styles include the British Perpendicular style and the French and Spanish Flamboyant style. Interior of Reims Cathedral, France, begun in 1211.
The architecture that informed the Gothic period drew upon a number of influences, including Romanesque, Byzantine, and Middle Eastern.
Gothic architecture was mainly intended to make the churches look like heaven. The Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring. The Romanesque architecture had the characteristics of large, internal spaces, barrel vaults, thick walls, and rounded arches on windows and doors.
These pointed arches were not only used for practical reasons; they were symbolically significant in that they pointed towards heaven. The pointed arch, though not exclusively found in Gothic architecture, became one of the defining characteristics of the style.
The most commonly identifiable feature of the Gothic Revival style is the pointed arch, used for windows, doors, and decorative elements like porches, dormers, or roof gables. Other characteristic details include steeply pitched roofs and front facing gables with delicate wooden trim called vergeboards or bargeboards.