Most homes in Greece nowadays use a traditional method known as “koutounto”. Using this method, Greek architects are conscious of Greece's terrain and they develop homes in a way that works well with the surroundings.
Ancient Greek homes were built around a courtyard or garden. The walls were often made from wood and mud bricks. They had small windows with no glass, but wooden shutters to keep out the hot sun. They didn't have much furniture inside.
The ancient Greek word oikos (ancient Greek: οἶκος, plural: οἶκοι; English prefix: eco- for ecology and economics) refers to three related but distinct concepts: the family, the family's property, and the house.
The Greek word for the family or household, oikos, is also the name for the house. Houses followed several different types. It is probable that many of the earliest houses were simple structures of two rooms, with an open porch or pronaos, above which rose a low pitched gable or pediment.
The buildings in Greece are made up of stone, mud, and volcanic materials that have a darker color and are especially hot. During hot summer days, it was very difficult to be inside the buildings, since dark colors absorbed the sunlight, making them extremely hot.
The houses were generally small with walled gardens or courtyards in the center. The roofs were made with clay tiles. The windows were small and had no glass. They were covered in wood shutters to keep the scorching sun away.
A typical house would have had a kitchen, a storage room, an animal shed, possibly a bathroom, and a lounge-type room for men's gatherings. The upstairs rooms (if they had them) would have housed women, children and, if they were reasonably wealthy, slaves.
They varied from two or three rooms clustered around a small court to a dozen or so rooms.
Many Greek families lived all together in apartments with just one room. If they had more than one room, the front or downstairs room was traditionally the andron or “men's room” and the back or upstairs room (or just the rest of the house) was the gynaeceum or “women's room”.
Greek architecture is known for tall columns, intricate detail, symmetry, harmony, and balance. The Greeks built all sorts of buildings. The main examples of Greek architecture that survive today are the large temples that they built to their gods.
Homes inhabited by the poor were often made out of clay or mud and required frequent repairs. What's worse, they often collapsed altogether after a few years, needing to be rebuilt from scratch. These houses had thatched roofs made out of straw. The windows were small, set high, and often had no cover.
Ancient Greek houses were typically made from mud bricks and wood. They would have to be rebuilt and repaired every year or so as the walls deteriorated. Depending on the region and the materials available, stone may have been used.
This might sound strange today, but the whitewash used to paint the houses contained limestone. Limestone is a powerful disinfectant, and not many others were in common use at the time. Greek citizens thus whitewashed their homes to help sanitize them and reduce the spread of cholera.
The gynaikon was where mothers nursed their children and engaged in spinning thread and weaving (31.11. 10). In addition to childbearing, the weaving of fabric and managing the household were the principal responsibilities of a Greek woman.
The Roofs of Ancient Greece
The prehistoric Greeks used thatch roofs with overhanging eaves, supported by dried clay bricks. The eaves were long enough that they could protect the mud bricks from the rain. Once the Greeks began to use stone, the walls of their homes were strong enough to support heavier roof materials.
The ancient Greeks actually lived in homes made of sun-dried mud bricks. Unfortunately, their walls weren't very strong. It was common for houses to crumble into pieces and most had to be rebuilt. The roofs of the homes were made of clay tiles and the windows were small and covered with wooden shutters.
Describe the home life of the Greeks? Homes were simple, made of mud bricks and the design was several rooms situated around an open courtyard. some had baths, but water had to be carried from a public fountain.
People used a cleaning agent called loulaki (blue-coloured powder) to prepare the blue colour, which was easily available in every house. They would mix the powder with the limestone plaster and paint the house. Blue and white colours became permanent when a military government came in power in the year 1967.
This convention was started for practical reasons many centuries ago. In most of the Cycladic islands, houses were painted white to reflect the harsh summer sun. So, it started for let's say "bioclimatic" or "ecological" reasons, to make houses a little more heat resistant, with the knowledge people had at the time.
Greek Blue is a strong blue Chalk Paint® colour inspired by the hue found throughout the Mediterranean, on rustic doors, shutters and furniture often faded and distressed. It's also a colour that works well in a neoclassical interior deepened a little with dark wax.
The inhabitants, in order to confine the heat in the interior to a significant extent, had to construct their houses accordingly. The white color reflects the biggest part of the dazzling light, preventing the houses from getting warm and that was a basic goal of the traditional architecture.
Children spent the majority of their time with their mother. They stayed in the women's part of the house. While they were being raised, girls would receive their entire education and training in the home with their mothers.
The three major classical orders are Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The orders describe the form and decoration of Greek and later Roman columns, and continue to be widely used in architecture today.
The two principal orders in Archaic and Classical Greek architecture are the Doric and the Ionic. In the first, the Doric order, the columns are fluted and have no base. The capitals are composed of two parts consisting of a flat slab, the abacus, and a cushionlike slab known as the echinus.