Romanesque architecture is characterized by towering round arches, massive stone and brickwork, small windows, thick walls, and a propensity for housing art and sculpture depicting biblical scenes.
Romanesque architecture is characterized by its massive quality, its thick walls, round arches, sturdy piers, groin vaults, large towers, and decorative arcading.
Combining features of Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture exhibits massive quality, thick walls, round arches , sturdy piers , groin vaults , large towers, and symmetrical plans. The art of the period was characterized by a vigorous style in both painting and sculpture.
The first consistent style was called Romanesque, which was at its peak between 1050 and 1200. Romanesque churches used art, largely painting and sculpture, to communicate important things. For one, art was used as visual reminders of biblical stories, which helped teach the faith to an illiterate population.
The Romanesque architecture had the characteristics of large, internal spaces, barrel vaults, thick walls, and rounded arches on windows and doors. Gothic architecture has many features like highness, flying buttresses, and vertical lines.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Tower of Pisa is a freestanding bell tower of the Pisa Cathedral is a Romanesque Architecture example famous for its four-degree lean. The tower heights about 183 feet on the lower side and 185 feet on the higher side with the weight estimated to be 14,500 metric tons.
While the Gothic style can vary according to location, age, and type of building, it is often characterized by 5 key architectural elements: large stained glass windows, pointed arches, rib vaults, flying buttresses, and ornate decoration.
Most Romanesque sculpture is pictorial and biblical in subject. A great variety of themes are found on building capitals, including scenes of Creation and the Fall of Man, the life of Christ, and Old Testament depictions of his Death and Resurrection, such as Jonah and the Whale and Daniel in the lions' den.
If Romanesque architecture is marked by a new massiveness of scale, and Romanesque sculpture by greater realism, Romanesque painting is characterized by a new formality of style, largely devoid of the naturalism and humanism of either its classical antecedents or its Gothic successors.
Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing ...
Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, large towers and decorative arcading.
Romanesque Revival styles first developed in England with Inigo Jones' redesign of the White Tower (1637-1638). In the following century Norman Revival castles were built for estates throughout the British Isles, and in the early 1800s, Thomas Pesnon developed a revival style for churches.
As adjectives the difference between romanesque and roman
is that romanesque is of or pertaining to romance or fable; fanciful while roman is (of type) upright, as opposed to italic.
The gothic style of architecture originated in Europe's Middle Ages. It is characterized by vertical proportions, pointed arches, external buttressing, and asymmetry.
' Gothic Architecture has groin vaulted cathedrals while Romanesque has mostly barrel vaults and some groin vaults. Gothic Architecture has flying buttresses and few structure supports. Romanesque architecture has large pillars inside of the building.
Romanesque has separate compartments, rounded arches, and small windows. Gothic is one piece, has pointed arches, and large windows.
Classicizing elements include the smooth lines, elegant drapery, idealized nude bodies, highly naturalistic forms and balanced proportions that the Greeks had perfected over centuries of practice. Augustus and the Julio-Claudian dynasty were particularly fond of adapting Classical elements into their art.
Byzantine art (4th - 15th century CE) is generally characterised by a move away from the naturalism of the Classical tradition towards the more abstract and universal, there is a definite preference for two-dimensional representations, and those artworks which contain a religious message predominate.
The most important type of religious art produced during the Middle Ages, Romanesque design was influenced mainly by classical Roman architecture, as well as elements of Byzantine art, and Islamic art.
1250–1315) were Italian sculptors during the Gothic age who developed a Classical-influenced style of sculpture known as Proto-Renaissance. Their relief sculptures drew heavily from the carved Roman sarcophagus and were characterized by sophisticated and crowded compositions and a sympathetic handling of nudity.
The two most important elements of sculpture—mass and space—are, of course, separable only in thought. All sculpture is made of a material substance that has mass and exists in three-dimensional space. The mass of sculpture is thus the solid, material, space-occupying bulk that is contained within its surfaces.
Painting. Gothic painting followed the same stylistic evolution as did sculpture; from stiff, simple, hieratic forms toward more relaxed and natural ones. Its scale grew large only in the early 14th century, when it began to be used in decorating the retable (ornamental panel behind an altar).
The most commonly identifiable feature of the Gothic Revival style is the pointed arch, used for windows, doors, and decorative elements like porches, dormers, or roof gables. Other characteristic details include steeply pitched roofs and front facing gables with delicate wooden trim called vergeboards or bargeboards.
Gothic architecture is typically associated with achievements in the use of stone and glass—exemplified by the soaring vaults and delicate apertures of medieval churches.