Top Gothic buildings in the world
- The Basilica of Saint-Denis, Paris.
- Notre-Dame, Paris.
- Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France.
- Notre-Dame de Reims, Reims, France.
- Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England.
- Palace of Westminster, London.
- St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney.
- The Woolworth Building, New York City.
Gothic architecture, architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid-12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous spaces with the expanse of walls broken up by overlaid tracery.
While the Gothic style can vary according to location, age, and type of building, it is often characterized by 5 key architectural elements: large stained glass windows, pointed arches, rib vaults, flying buttresses, and ornate decoration.
Gothic Architecture History, Characteristics and Examples
- Large Stained Glass Windows.
- Pointed Arches.
- Vaulted Ceilings.
- Flying Buttresses.
- The Gargoyles of Gothic Architecture/ Ornate Decorations.
The gothic style of architecture originated in Europe's Middle Ages. It is characterized by vertical proportions, pointed arches, external buttressing, and asymmetry.
In architecture, and specifically in Gothic architecture, a gargoyle (/ˈɡɑːrɡɔɪl/) is a carved or formed grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building, thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between.
Notre-Dame de Paris, or simply Notre-Dame, is widely thought of as the finest example of French Gothic Architecture.
The most commonly identifiable feature of the Gothic Revival style is the pointed arch, used for windows, doors, and decorative elements like porches, dormers, or roof gables. Other characteristic details include steeply pitched roofs and front facing gables with delicate wooden trim called vergeboards or bargeboards.
Notre-Dame de Paris, also called Notre-Dame Cathedral, cathedral church in Paris. It is the most famous of the Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages and is distinguished for its size, antiquity, and architectural interest.
Gothic art was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture. It spread to all of Western Europe, and much of Northern, Southern and Central Europe, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy.
Cathedrals have been built in almost every architectural style. But most of the famous European cathedrals were Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic or Renaissance. The greatest era of building happened in Europe between 1000 and 1500 A.D. Cathedrals were filled with carved sculptures .
The west front of the Saint-Denis, became the model for the early Gothic cathedrals and High Gothic cathedrals in northern France, including Notre-Dame de Paris, Reims Cathedral, and Amiens Cathedral.
France is the birthplace of gothic architecture, so it is not surprising that the city of Paris explodes with very strong gothic roots that can be extracted from the churches and city center. The most beloved gothic architecture in France in Paris is the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, which was built in 1160.
Gothic architecture is typically associated with achievements in the use of stone and glass—exemplified by the soaring vaults and delicate apertures of medieval churches.
According to Mark Lavender, a Chicago-area architect-turned-interior designer, Gothic-style homes (sometimes called Gothic-revival homes) are modeled after cathedrals built in Europe in the Middle Ages.
The Influence of Gothic Style in Modern Buildings
The aforementioned Neo-Gothic movement has never really fallen out of fashion, and is still in use today, to an extent. It is severely overshadowed by the much more straightforward modern architecture style, which is defined by simplicity, opacity, and symmetry.
rose window, also called wheel window, in Gothic architecture, decorated circular window, often glazed with stained glass. Scattered examples of decorated circular windows existed in the Romanesque period (Santa Maria in Pomposa, Italy, 10th century).
Nowadays, when people talk of 'gothic castles', they're usually meaning a mix of these two ideas. Gothic is taken to mean an architectural style as well as an atmosphere – of spooky, fearful, desolate and ruined old places. Eeeek! A terrifying tower of one of our favourite gothic castles – Hunyad in Transylvania.
The Gothic church spire originated in the 12th century as a simple, four-sided pyramidal structure on top of a church tower. The spire could be constructed of masonry, as at Salisbury Cathedral, or of wood covered with lead, as at Notre-Dame de Paris.
The term Gothic was coined by classicizing Italian writers of the Renaissance, who attributed the invention (and what to them was the nonclassical ugliness) of medieval architecture to the barbarian Gothic tribes that had destroyed the Roman Empire and its classical culture in the 5th century ce.
The most common characteristics of Gothic cathedrals include the use of flying buttresses, pointed arches, large, elaborate windows, and stone construction with wooden accents.
Pointed arches were used to direct weight onto load-bearing columns at a sharp angle, thus allowing for much taller vaulted ceilings. Unlike earlier Romanesque style churches, Gothic churches emphasized height and verticality.