Arabic is the official language of Lebanon, but English and French are widely used.
Lebanese Arabic (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ لُبْنَانِيّ, romanized: ʿarabiyy lubnāniyy, Lebanese: ʿarabe libnēne), or simply Lebanese (Arabic: لُبْنَانِيّ, romanized: lubnāniyy, Lebanese: libnēne), is a variety of North Levantine Arabic, indigenous to and spoken primarily in Lebanon, with significant linguistic influences ...
Almost 40% of Lebanese are considered francophone, and another 15% "partial francophone," and 70% of Lebanon's secondary schools use French as a second language of instruction. By comparison, English is used as a secondary language in 30% of Lebanon's secondary schools.
Lebanese Arabic is a dialect of Levantine Arabic mostly used in Lebanon. It is predominantly a spoken language, while Modern Standard Arabic is usually used in formal writing. Most Lebanese speakers are also fluent in either French or English which means that words from these languages get mixed into Lebanese.
Lebanese is a Semitic language that was derived from the Aramaic language. Aramaic replaced the Canaanite language that was spoken by the Phoenicians in the region until around the days of Jesus Christ. Aramaic was spoken in the whole region until about 900 AD.
apparently it is common for Lebanese Christians to give French name to their sons and daughters. Since some of them are now very common, I was wondering whether there was a standard spelling for them. I wrote down the ones I heard the most, with my attempted spelling. Could you please check it out?
Farsi Is A Required Language At Some Lebanese Schools, More Important Than French & English | A Separate State of Mind | A Blog by Elie Fares.
Despite the Brazilian connection, Lebanon's Portuguese-speaking community is not limited to those connected to Brazil. Another crossroads between the Portuguese language and Lebanese people is the African continent, where it is an official language in six countries.
Persian, known to its native Iranian speakers as Farsi, is the official language of modern day Iran, parts of Afghanistan and the central Asian republic of Tajikistan. Persian is one of the most important members of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
Most religious scholars and historians agree with Pope Francis that the historical Jesus principally spoke a Galilean dialect of Aramaic. Through trade, invasions and conquest, the Aramaic language had spread far afield by the 7th century B.C., and would become the lingua franca in much of the Middle East.
Language Groups and Families
In fact, Farsi is not only in a separate language group from Arabic but it's also in a separate language family. Arabic is in the Afro-Asiatic family while Farsi is in the Indo-European family.
There are 25 countries that claim Arabic as an official or co-official language: Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
SUMMARY: Lebanese (more broadly North Levantine) is influenced by Arabic (as well as other languages, such as Aramaic and Canaanite/Phoenician, plus its own local evolution), but it is not a version of Arabic (nor is it a version of Aramaic or Phoenician).
By the way, this is no surprise because the Syrian, Lebanese, Jordanian, and Palestinian dialects are all Levantine - so they are all mutually intelligible. Syrian and Lebanese are even more similar to each other than to Jordanian and Palestinian, which in turn are more similar to each than to Syrian and Lebanese.
However, Aramaic remains a spoken, literary, and liturgical language for local Christians and also some Jews. Aramaic also continues to be spoken by the Assyrians of Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and northwest Iran, with diaspora communities in Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and southern Russia.
Ethnically, the Lebanese compose a mixture in which Phoenician, Greek, Armenian, and Arab elements are discernible. Within the larger Lebanese community, ethnic minorities including Armenian and Kurdish populations are also present.
Following independence from France in 1946, the use of English began to grow in Lebanon in the wake of American influence through oil and business interests in the Middle East. By 1973, 26 percent of the 75 percent of Beirut who were multilingual spoke English.
Statistics Lebanon, an independent firm, estimates 67.6 percent of the citizen population is Muslim (31.9 percent Sunni, 31 percent Shia, and small percentages of Alawites and Ismailis). Statistics Lebanon estimates 32.4 percent of the population is Christian.
It is common for close friends to kiss one another three times on alternating cheeks. Muslim men or women may prefer not to make physical contact with members of the opposite gender.
Habibi is an Arabic word that literally means “my love” (sometimes also translated as “my dear,” “my darling,” or “beloved.”)