Most of the time he is consumed with his lust for vengeance against the Athenians, due to the part they played in slaying his father Darius. He holds the Greeks in obvious revulsion, yet he declared that he was impressed by the might of the Spartans. "He is a god".
Xerxes I , was a Persian king (reigned 485 - 465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty . In the Bible he is known as Ahasuerus . A son of Darius I and Atossa , the daughter of Cyrus the Great , he was appointed successor to his father in preference to his eldest half-brothers, who were born before Darius had become king.
The name `Xerxes' is the Greek version of the Persian `Khshayarsa' (or Khashyar Shah), and so he is known in the west as `Xerxes' but in the east as `Khshayarsa'. His mother was Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great (r. c. 550-530 BCE) who founded the Achaemenid Empire.
This chapter focuses on Xerxes's religion, with particular emphasis on his mission to establish Zoroastrianism at the expense of all other religions. According to Shahnameh, Xerxes is a strongly religious king, even a man with missionary zeal.
Infamous for his invasion of Greece, King Xerxes is often depicted as a tyrant. With a reign marred by revolts, Xerxes I represents the beginning of the Achaemenid Empire's decline. Most famous for his failure to conquer Greece, King Xerxes is perhaps one of the most notorious Achaemenid Persian kings.
Based on ancient carved stone reliefs remaining from the Achaemenid Dynasty, Xerxes is actually depicted as having long curly hair and beard, adorned with a crown and royal robe.
Meaning of Xerxes
Herodotus claimed that it means "warrior," but modern scholars propose the meaning is closer to "hero among rulers." Xerxes I (or Xerxes the Great) succeeded his father, Darius I of Persia, to the throne in 485 BC.
Like the comic book, the “300” takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event. However, how close was the movie to the actual events and characters?
Herodotus wrote in Histories (7:117) that “[Xerxes] was in stature the tallest of all the Persians, falling short by only four fingers of being five royal cubits in height.” A royal cubit is assumed to be a bit more than 20 English inches (52 cm), which makes Xerxes almost 8 feet tall (2.43 m).
The name Xerxes is boy's name of Persian origin meaning "hero among heroes".
Xerxes II only ruled forty-five days. He was murdered by Pharnacyas and Menostanes on Sogdianus' orders, while drunk. Sogdianus gained the support of his regions, and was killed a few months later. Darius II became the sole ruler of the Persian Empire and reigned until 404 BC.
Xerxes I, Old Persian Khshayarsha, byname Xerxes the Great, (born c. 519 bce—died 465, Persepolis, Iran), Persian king (486–465 bce), the son and successor of Darius I.
Persia, historic region of southwestern Asia associated with the area that is now modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries and originated from a region of southern Iran formerly known as Persis, alternatively as Pārs or Parsa, modern Fārs.
Cyrus the Great, also called Cyrus II, (born 590–580 bce, Media, or Persis [now in Iran]—died c. 529, Asia), conqueror who founded the Achaemenian empire, centred on Persia and comprising the Near East from the Aegean Sea eastward to the Indus River.
So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.
Sparta (Greek: Σπάρτη Spárti [ˈsparti]) is a town and municipality in Laconia, Greece. It lies at the site of ancient Sparta. The municipality was merged with six nearby municipalities in 2011, for a total population (as of 2011) of 35,259, of whom 17,408 lived in the city.
The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.
Xerxes is identified with the king Ahasuerus in the biblical Book of Esther, where some scholars consider to be historical romance.
Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire.
Ahasuerus, a royal Persian name occurring throughout the Old Testament. Immediately preceding Artaxerxes I in the line of Persian kings, Ahasuerus is evidently to be identified with Xerxes.
Who won the Persian Wars? The alliance of Greek city-states, which included Athens and Sparta, won the Persian Wars against Persia from 490 to 480 BCE.