Early life. Sandro Botticelli was born on 01 March 1445 in Florence, Italy. His artistic nature was strongly disapproved by his family and therefore he was adopted by the Medici family and was raised alongside Lorenzo, Bianca and Giuliano as their own brother and thus had great respect for the family.
With members of the influential Medici family as his top patrons, Botticelli received many high-profile commissions, some of which are considered the Renaissance movement's best achievements.
The teenager was originally spotted by Piero il Gottoso and offered his own studio space inside the Medici Palace. He quickly befriended the charismatic heirs to the dynasty, Lorenzo and his brother Giuliano. Such intimacy with the most powerful family in Florence was critical to Botticelli's career.
Sandro Botticelli painted the Adoration of the Magi around 1475: at the time he was a young artist, protected by the Medici family.
Lorenzo de' Medici (1449–1492) was the catalyst for an enormous amount of arts patronage, encouraging his countrymen to commission works from the leading artists of Florence, including Leonardo da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli, and Michelangelo Buonarroti.
Lorenzo de' Medici, who was the son of Ferdinand I, suffered of epilepsy (ASF, Mediceo del Principato 908. 365. 2 Aprile 1602). During the Renaissance, many different substances were used to treat the 'falling sickness'.
The most famous artist in the world, Leonardo was nurtured by Lorenzo de'Medici.
While Medici: The Magnificent has Venus and Mars destroyed in the finale of the first part of the series, the painting actually still exists and is owned by the National Gallery of London.
The Medicis (yes, those Medicis) are back, and starting a challenger bank. The latest U.S. challenger bank has a unique origin: the powerful Medici family, which ruled Florence and Tuscany for more than two centuries and founded a bank in 1397. The Medicis invented banking conventions that still exist.
While the first series of Medici wasn't that historically accurate, the second series “Medici: the Magnificent” is much more faithful to the truth of what really happened.
For an artist, such influences affect how they see the world and make it into art. Both people and place influenced the life of Sandro Botticelli, another great painter of Renaissance Italy alongside Leonardo da Vinci. It is certain that the two men would have met; perhaps they were even close friends.
The prestigious and wealthy Pazzi family found a perfect ally in Pope Sisto IV. He hated the Medici after they had tried to stop his expansion plans in central Italy, and he had revoked the Papal banking contract with the Medici bank.
After Giuliano de' Medici's assassination in the Pazzi conspiracy of 1478, it was Botticelli who painted the defamatory fresco of the hanged conspirators on a wall of the Palazzo Vecchio.
In Florence, authorities often used the Palazzo del Podestà (the Bargello) walls and payed important painters as Sandro Botticelli, Andrea del Sarto and Andrea del Castagno, who painted the town traitors. The treason was one of the most serious crimes: convicts were painted hanged by a heel, with the free leg dangling.
Presently, The Birth of Venus (c. 1484 to 1486) painting is housed at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. It is believed that the painting was requested by the Medici family as a wedding present. They commissioned Alessandro Botticelli, who is the artist of the Birth of Venus.
Following Cosimo's death in 1464, the bank went into decline and by the end of the 15th century had shuttered most of its branches. The Medici dynasty continued, though, and family members served as dukes of Florence and grand dukes of Tuscany from the early 1530s to 1737.
Together, they have tens of thousands of living descendants today, including all of the Roman Catholic royal families of Europe—but they are not patrilineal Medici. Patrilineal descendants today: 0; Total descendants today: about 40,000.
The 44-year-old prince was born in Catanzaro, Italy, in the region of Calabria. His late father, Alessandro de' Medici, traced his lineage to the famous Florentine family. His mother, Kristina Kuharska, comes from a long line of Polish royalty and inspired young Lorenzo to apply himself to charitable causes.
Swayed by Savonarola's conservative religious message, Botticelli burned many of his own paintings, especially his earlier more secular works. Botticelli's later work has a decidedly more religious tone.
The cause of Sandro Botticelli's death in 1510 has not been widely written about. Biographer Giorgio Vasari described Botticelli as impoverished and disabled in his last years. Other evidence, however, suggests that Botticelli remained fairly prosperous. He may have simply been overtaken by ill health.
An assassination attempt on the Medici brothers was made during mass at the Cathedral of Florence on April 26, 1478. Giuliano de' Medici was killed by Francesco Pazzi, but Lorenzo was able to defend himself and escaped only slightly wounded. Meanwhile, other conspirators tried to gain control of the government.
Their major innovations in banking, art, and architecture persist today. The Medici family is one of the most powerful and influential groups in European history. They innovated new banking systems and laid the groundwork to make Florence a cultural hotspot.