Because the Neoclassical movement in poetry, which emphasized heroic couplets, prevailed in this era, Paradise Lost was perceived as a magnificent exception in its use of blank verse. And because its genre was that of a biblical epic, Paradise Lost was granted unique status.
Paradise Lost, epic poem in blank verse, one of the late works by John Milton, originally issued in 10 books in 1667 and, with Books 7 and 10 each split into two parts, published in 12 books in the second edition of 1674.
Key poets associated with the school of neoclassical poetry included John Milton, John Dryden, Alexander Pope, and Oliver Goldsmith. Major works included epics and satires, such as Pope's The Rape of the Lock or Milton's Paradise Lost.
Milton's most notable works, including Paradise Lost, are written in blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter. He was not the first to use blank verse, which had been a mainstay of English drama since the 1561 play Gorboduc.
At the end, Paradise Lost is classical epic as it is a long narrative poem, has grand style, heroic figures, may discuss grand themes and lofty settings.
Milton intended to write in "a grand style." That style took the form of numerous references and allusions, complex vocabulary, complicated grammatical constructions, and extended similes and images.
Neoclassicism refers to Greek and Roman influences in art, literature, and philosophy. Milton's subject for Paradise Lost, of course, is Biblical, but the tone and the structure of the epic poem harkens back to the Iliad, Odyssey, Aeneid, and other epic poems. In Book Nine, Milton repeatedly makes classical references.
Neoclassical poetry is a reaction against the renaissance style of poetry. It is a unique outcome of intellect, not fancy and imagination. Unlike romantic poetry, which is entirely the result of sentiments of the poet, neoclassical poetry is a simulated, fabricated and stereotypical type of poetry.
Rationalism is an essential feature of Neoclassical poetry. Neoclassical poetry is a reaction to the Renaissance style of poetry. It is not like the Renaissance poetry, in which the sentiments play a vital role in writing poetry. But in it, reason and intellect are dominant elements.
He uses classical mythology for its symbolical meaning and suggestiveness in his similes. Thus Milton's Paradise Lost is a great epic. It occupies central position among the epics of the western world. It is remarkable for the loftiness of its theme and for the grandeur of its style.
The Importance of Obedience to God
The first words of Paradise Lost state that the poem's main theme will be “Man's first Disobedience.” Milton narrates the story of Adam and Eve's disobedience, explains how and why it happens, and places the story within the larger context of Satan's rebellion and Jesus' resurrection.
John Milton‟s Paradise Lost is indefeasibly distinct from the classical epics in that it has only two human characters―Adam and Eve―around whom all the other characters revolve.
Paradise Lost: Parallel Prose Edition by Dennis Danielson.
Milton's Paradise Lost is rarely read today. But this epic poem, 350 years old this month, remains a work of unparalleled imaginative genius that shapes English literature even now. In more than 10,000 lines of blank verse, it tells the story of the war for heaven and of man's expulsion from Eden.
Answer. Answer: The use of heroic couplet is a characteristic of the neoclassical poetrry that is displayed in the except of the poem ' Goliath of Gath'was Written by Phillis Westley.
Neoclassicism is characterized by clarity of form, sober colors, shallow space, strong horizontal and verticals that render that subject matter timeless (instead of temporal as in the dynamic Baroque works), and Classical subject matter (or classicizing contemporary subject matter).
Dryden is the quintessential Neoclassic poet. Neoclassicism is characterized by its smooth, carefully balanced language, emphasis on reason, and harmonious rhyme schemes. Dryden is famous for his balanced and smooth heroic couplets, which are rhyming pairs of lines in iambic pentameter.
In Book 1 of Paradise Lost Milton has magnificently employed this rhetorical device of epic Simile. The first epic Simile employed by Milton in Book 1 is the comparison of Satan's huge size with that Sea beast Leviathan, which was created so big that swim across the ocean stream.
Milton uses the Satan character to argue against the prevailing Calvinist doctrine of his time—double predestination—and to espouse the less damning Arminian model of predestination, thus making Satan an allegory for a fallen faith in God.
In the grand invocation at the beginning of Book VII of his epic Paradise Lost, John Milton selects as his muse Urania, who is traditionally the Muse of Astronomy in classical texts.
Serious, Tragic, Sad.
Milton's style in Paradise Lost can best be described as grand. It is serious, elevated, and forceful as well as extremely allusive and filled with Latinate constructions and high-level vocabulary.
Main Characteristics of John Milton's Poetry
His sense of beauty is to be seen, to advantage, in his early poems like Lycidas or the Nativity Ode. His stateliness of manner which imparts such a grandeur and dignity to his poetry is evident in his great epic-poem “Paradise Lost.”