Green firewood is for the most part easier to split than dry, so try to split the wood as soon as possible after felling trees. And splitting the green wood speeds the process of “seasoning” (drying out) the firewood, which ensures more efficient burning. Green wood is also easier to saw.
Dry Wood Is Typically Easier to Split
Normally, though, you'll find that dry, seasoned wood is easier to split than wet wood. Regardless of the tree species from which it was harvested, dry wood contains less moisture, so there's less resistance when cutting and splitting it.
Fresh wood requires at least six months of seasoning time before it is dry enough for optimal burning.
Firewood doesn't necessarily need to be split to season but splitting wood when it's green can help speed up the drying out process. If you're looking to season your wood as fast as possible be sure to cut the logs to length and split them prior to stacking.
So yes while you can split green logs,with certain types of wood the splitting becomes a lot easier. Green wood is typically much cheaper to buy than seasoned firewood.
If you burn unseasoned wood the water vapour, when combined with other gases and particles go up the chimney, and unless the chimney is kept warm, the condensation creates a creosote substance, which when hardens forms tar in the chimney. This tar can also seep into the brickwork if a chimney is unlined.
Seasoned wood will be darker in color than green wood, and may be cracking at the ends. Seasoned wood can also lighter in weight and the bark can be peeled off more easily than unseasoned wood. A moisture meter will be able to provide an accurate reading of whether firewood is fully seasoned or not.
Although you can split wood while it's still wet, it is best to let it dry first. The lower the moisture content of the wood, the easier it will be to split because it gives less resistance when it is dry. However, split wood will dry faster than whole logs. There is more to learn about splitting and storing firewood.
If stacked correctly with all pieces of firewood stacked horizontally, the completed pile will stand as long as the wood can endure. Within a three-month period, the stack will shrink from 10 feet to eight, as the wood quickly dries.
To get green wood to less than 20% moisture takes at least six months. Freshly cut wood will have bound and unbound moisture. The latter is released fairly easily and can get the wood down to 25 to 30% moisture content. Bound moisture, on the other hand, takes much longer to evaporate.
If you do everything correctly when seasoning the wood — cut it into smaller pieces, stack it loosely off the ground, cover it in the rain and snow, dry it in a warm climate with little humidity — you'll likely have fine, burnable wood in six to nine months.
For smaller pieces of wood, or splitting around the wood's edges, a splitting axe is the better choice. It's lighter, easier to swing and performs similarly to a splitting maul. The wood-cutting pros at Husqvarna recommend you have both, as together they form an excellent one-two punch for your wood splitting needs.
GARAGE – Not only will your wood stay dry, but it won't be covered in snow during winter. The only issue is that there isn't much airflow in a garage so you'll want to avoid stacking your wood in the garage if it's too wet. It will take longer for your wood to dry under those conditions.
When it burns it will often sizzle and pop, and give off steam. It is not recommended for burning in a factory-built fireplace. Firewood should be split and stacked under cover in the early spring to be ready for burning in the fall.
Is it Possible to Dry Firewood in Winter? Yes, but firewood dries slower in winter. Sunlight—one of the key ingredients for drying wood—is in short supply in winter. Though drier winter air helps extract some moisture from the firewood, the process is much slower than in warmer weather.
When a living tree is cut down, the timber needs to age or "season" for a minimum of six to nine months before burning. Freshly cut wood, called green wood, is loaded with sap (mostly water) and needs to dry out first.
Soaking wood does make it easier to carve. However, as the wood dries, it can potentially crack and even become more brittle overall. To soften wood for carving, the better option is to spray a 50/50 mixture of isopropyl alcohol and water onto the wood as you carve, and use a very sharp knife.
Their entangled, twisted fibres do not make for an easy split, so count on spending more time splitting this kind of wood. If you have a hydraulic splitter, though, you're in the best position. You should have no trouble splitting wood, green, seasoned, or otherwise.
Does green wood cut harder or easier than seasoned wood? Green firewood is for the most part easier to split than dry, so try to split the wood as soon as possible after felling trees. And splitting the green wood speeds the process of “seasoning” (drying out) the firewood, which ensures more efficient burning.