The border between Indonesia and the Philippines consists of a maritime boundary mainly on the Celebes Sea that separates the two Southeast Asian countries as defined through a pact that was signed by both parties in 2014.
Indonesia and the Philippines are both archipelagic countries with ethnic populations and national languages that have common Austronesian ancestry. The historical links between ancient Indonesia and the Philippines have commenced since around the 9th century.
Filipinos in Indonesia were estimated to number 4,800 individuals as of 2001, according to the statistics of the Philippine government. Most are based in Jakarta, though there is also a community in Surabaya.
As the two countries are neighbors, there have been many historical migrations between the islands that today make up their national territories, and migrants from what is today Indonesia helped form many historical dynasties in the Philippines.
Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia, with a maximum dimension from east to west of about 3,200 miles (5,100 km) and an extent from north to south of 1,100 miles (1,800 km). It shares a border with Malaysia in the northern part of Borneo and with Papua New Guinea in the centre of New Guinea.
Culture and Religions of Indonesia
Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous nation, is 86 percent Muslim—and the largest Islamic country, though it is a secular state. Indonesians are separated by seas and clustered on islands.
It has been a supporter of East Timor since the latter's independence and has expanded trade links with its traditional allies Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. Relations with Vietnam and Cambodia have thawed in the 1990s after their entry into the ASEAN.
In the Philippines, provinces (Filipino: lalawigan) are one of its primary political and administrative divisions. There are 81 provinces at present, which are further subdivided into component cities and municipalities.
Filipino Spanish surnames
The names derive from the Spanish conquest of the Philippine Islands and its implementation of a Spanish naming system. After the Spanish conquest of the Philippine islands, many early Christianized Filipinos assumed religious-instrument or saint names.
Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the most significant influences on the Philippine culture.
Indonesia has a GDP per capita of $12,400 as of 2017, while in Philippines, the GDP per capita is $8,400 as of 2017. In Indonesia, 10.9% live below the poverty line as of 2016. In Philippines, however, that number is 21.6% as of 2017.
Indonesia and the Philippines established diplomatic relations in 1949. Since then, both countries enjoy cordial bilateral relationship in spirit of kinship. The two countries are considered allies.
If asked about their race, most Filipinos would identify as being Malay. Filipinos are taught in schools to be proud of their Malay heritage and encouraged to strengthen their ties with other Malays in Southeast Asia.
Indonesia and the Philippines have a long list of things in common. For starters, they're both archipelagic countries in Southeast Asia that are filled with tropical beaches and thousands of islands. Both countries have collectivistic cultures that value family and strong social ties.
Similar to Indonesia and Malaysia
There are very few countries with a high degree of similarity with the Philippines. Indonesia and Malaysia are the closest, although several Central American countries are in the top 10 as well.
Filipino Americans, for example, helped establish the Asian American movement and are classified by the U.S. Census as Asian. But the legacy of Spanish colonialism in the Philippines means that they share many cultural characteristics with Latinos, such as last names, religion, and language.
The southern limits of the state run through Singapore Strait, where outliers of the Riau-Lingga Archipelago—which forms a part of Indonesia—extend to within 10 miles of the main island.
Indonesia and Thailand share a common maritime border in the northern part of the Straits of Malacca and the Andaman Sea to the north-east of Indonesia's Sumatera Island and to the west of the western coastline of southern Thailand.
Although Indonesia is considered to be mainly situated within the continent of Asia, some of its territories are located within the continent of Oceania, making it a transcontinental country. Indonesia's largest Islands are Borneo, Java, Sumatra, and Sulawesi.
Indonesia has made a relatively large dent in the global economy. It is the region's biggest economy and part of the G20 group of the world's richest nations.
Indonesia derives from the Latin and Greek Indus (Ἰνδός), meaning "Indian", and the Greek nésos (νῆσος), meaning "island". The name dates to the 18th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia.
Both Malaysia and Indonesia have many common characteristic traits, including standard frames of reference in history, culture and religion. Although both countries are separate and independent states, there are also profoundly embedded similarities.