The dominant styles during the 18th century were Baroque and Rococo. The latter, with its emphasis on asymmetry, bright colors, and ornamentation is typically considered to be the direct opposite of the Neoclassical style, which is based on order, symmetry, and simplicity.
Neoclassical architecture, which began in the mid 18th century, looks to the classical past of the Graeco-Roman era, the Renaissance, and classicized Baroque to convey a new era based on Enlightenment principles.
Although they may call it “New Classical Architecture.” Three types of neoclassical architecture are Classical block style, Palladian Style, and “Temple Style.”
Neoclassical architecture, revival of Classical architecture during the 18th and early 19th centuries. The movement concerned itself with the logic of entire Classical volumes, unlike Classical revivalism (see Greek Revival), which tended to reuse Classical parts.
How was the Neoclassical period so different from the Baroque period? Neoclassical style was about progress through reason, and Baroque was about drama and exuberance.
The Baroque style used contrast, movement, exuberant detail, deep colour, grandeur, and surprise to achieve a sense of awe. The style began at the start of the 17th century in Rome, then spread rapidly to France, northern Italy, Spain, and Portugal, then to Austria, southern Germany, and Russia.
Neoclassicism is characterized by clarity of form, sober colors, shallow space, strong horizontal and verticals that render that subject matter timeless (instead of temporal as in the dynamic Baroque works), and Classical subject matter (or classicizing contemporary subject matter).
Neoclassicism is the 18th and 19th century movement that developed in Europe as a reaction to the excesses of Baroque and Rococo. The movement sought to return to the classical beauty and magnificence of the Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire.
Neoclassicism in the arts is an aesthetic attitude based on the art of Greece and Rome in antiquity, which invokes harmony, clarity, restraint, universality, and idealism.
Situated just outside London in Twickenham, Strawberry Hill House is a Gothic revival style villa that was the brainchild of Horace Walpole.
Baroque architecture is characterised by dynamic designs and complex architectural plan forms; intended to heighten feelings of motion and sensuality, and frequently based on the oval. There is often a mixture of the repetition, break-up and distortion of Renaissance classical motifs. Common elements include: Grandeur.
Built in 1800, the White House might be the most well-known neoclassical building in America. It was designed by architect James Hoban to resemble the Leinster House in Dublin.
Though Rococo evolved from Baroque (and their definitions can be loosely defined), the two periods are indeed separate and distinct, with their own strong cultural influences and meanings. Similar characteristics and overlapping time periods, however, are perhaps why Baroque art and Rococo art are often confused.
Baroque period, (17th–18th century) Era in the arts that originated in Italy in the 17th century and flourished elsewhere well into the 18th century. It embraced painting, sculpture, architecture, decorative arts, and music.
As an opposing movement to the Baroque and Rococo, Neoclassicism reverted to Classical virtues of symmetry, proportion, clean lines, and subdued colors. The subject matter was of mythological and historical scenes with the ideals of heroism and patriotism. It was also inspired by rational thought and calmness of being.
Neoclassical architecture was based on the principles of simplicity, symmetry, and mathematics, which were seen as virtues of the arts in Ancient Greece and Rome.
The neoclassical impulse found its expression in such features as the use of pared-down performing forces, an emphasis on rhythm and on contrapuntal texture, an updated or expanded tonal harmony, and a concentration on absolute music as opposed to Romantic program music.
Neoclassical literature was written between 1660 and 1798. This time period is broken down into three parts: the Restoration period, the Augustan period, and the Age of Johnson. Writers of the Neoclassical period tried to imitate the style of the Romans and Greeks.
Some of the qualities most frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, dynamism, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to blur distinctions between the various arts.
The key difference between these two forms is that while Baroque art is characterized by ornate details, Renaissance art is characterized by the fusion of Christianity and science in order to create realism through art.
The main differences between Rococo and Neoclassical art is that rococo paintings were much more ornamental and theatrical in style whereas neoclassical drew inspiration from classical antiquity with more muted color palettes and stuck to much stricter classical lines and symmetry.
Both Baroque and Rococo art have similarities in their styles. They are recognized by their opulent decoration and aesthetically pleasing visuals. That being said, there is a marked difference in the tone that each style creates. Rococo has a more private, soft, pleasing feel while Baroque art is dramatic and powerful.
What was the Rococo movement? A period of Renaissance art that flourished in France in the late 17th and early 18th century was called the Rococo movement. During this period, artists emphasized ornamentation, vivid colors, and attention to detail.
The definitive architectural style on Capitol Hill is neoclassical, inspired by the use of ancient Greek and Roman designs of great public buildings. These styles are recognized by the use of tall columns, symmetrical shapes, triangular pediments and domed roofs.