Through sheer incredible volume, giant sequoias claim the title of largest tree in the world. Known as General Sherman, this most giant of sequoias weighs a staggering 2.7 million pounds and stands 275 feet tall from its base, which is more than 100 feet wide.
The biggest of these behemoths is General Sherman, a giant sequoia in Sequoia National Park. General Sherman stands 275 feet (84 m) tall, has a 102-foot (31 m) circumference, and weighs an incredible 2.7 million lbs. (1.2 million kilograms).
A more typical farmed Redwood tree will weigh approximately 50,000 pounds and contain around 2,000-3,000 board feet of lumber.
The irreplaceable ecological value of the evolved and complex old growth Sequoia forests is pitched against their present economic value of more than $100,000 for each and every mature Sequoia tree.
—The giant sequoia is the largest tree in the world in volume and has an immense trunk with very slight taper; the redwood is the world's tallest tree and has a slender trunk. Cones and seed. —The cones and seed of the giant sequoia are about three times the size of those produced by the redwood.
Nearby wildfires last year killed an unprecedented 7,500 to 10,400 giant sequoias that are only native in about 70 groves scattered along the western side of the Sierra Nevada range. Losses now account for 13% to 19% of the 75,000 sequoias greater than 4 feet (1.2 meters) in diameter.
It is illegal to cut down a giant redwood tree. The redwood tree's famous concentric circles do indicate the age of the tree, but some the rings are so small they are invisible to the naked eye.
Many high-end pieces of furniture are created using sequoia; its strength and durability establish the sequoia as the perfect option for crafting windows, doors and other woodwork projects.
The wood from huge old-growth giant sequoia trees does not make good lumber, despite the its resistance to decay, because it is brittle and has little strength. Nevertheless, sequoias were logged in the 1870's and their wood was used for fenceposts and shake shingles.
A Mexican cypress - Taxodium mucronatum in the village of Santa Maria del Tule is the thickest tree in the world with a diameter of 11.62 metres and a circumference of 36.2 metres.
Tree height and tree weight directly affect each other, just like tree diameter and tree weight do. Thus, taller trees generally weigh more, and shorter trees generally weigh less. For example, an 80 foot tall hardwood tree weighs about 20,000 pounds, whereas a 50 foot tall pine tree weighs about 2,000 pounds.
The sequoia redwood trees have a unique root system that is a marvel, compared to their mammoth size. Their roots are relatively shallow. There is no tap root to anchor them deep into the earth. The roots actually only go down 6-12 feet, and yet, these trees rarely fall over.
Whitebark pine, Western juniper and Douglas-fir can live more than 1,000 years while giant sequoias can live more than 3,000 years. Giant sequoias are the third longest-lived tree species with the oldest known specimen to have been 3,266 years old in the Converse Basin Grove of Giant Sequoia National Monument.
How thick is the bark on an ancient giant sequoia tree? The bark can be up to 3 feet thick.
1. Australian Buloke – 5,060 IBF. An ironwood tree that is native to Australia, this wood comes from a species of tree occurring across most of Eastern and Southern Australia. Known as the hardest wood in the world, this particular type has a Janka hardness of 5,060 lbf.
You can grow giant sequoias by either sowing, striking cuttings or buying a little tree. More about growing the two other sequoia species: the coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), and the dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides).
It took 13 days to fell General Noble. On August 12, 1892, the axes of four men found their way to side of the General Noble Tree. For the next 13 days, the men severed tree from its roots atop scaffolding that rose over 50 feet up in the air. The exhibition planned to use a 30 foot section of widest part of the trunk.
The General Sherman Tree is the largest in the world at 52,508 cubic feet (1,487 cubic meters). The General Grant Tree is the second largest at 46,608 cubic feet (1,320 cubic meters). It is difficult to appreciate the size of the giant sequoias because neighboring trees are so large.
The coast redwood, on average, can reach heights of 100 feet when cultivated and may reach 365 feet in the wild. The giant sequoia can also reach 100 feet. The dawn redwood, on the other hand, reaches up to 90 feet. They can live for several hundred years.
Giant sequoia can thrive in a world of frequent fires. The bark of a monarch can be up to two feet thick, insulating them from fire damage.
The largest tree ever cut by humans was the General Noble Tree, a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) from the Converse Basin Grove in the Sierra Mountains of California, USA.
What Is the World's Largest Tree? The largest tree in the world is a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) in California's Sequoia National Park. Called General Sherman, the tree is about 52,500 cubic feet (1,487 cubic meters) in volume.