Cognitive proficiency deficits can negatively impact all aspects of learning: reading accuracy, fluency, and comprehension; numerical operations, problem solving, and mathematics fluency; and writing abilities, such as morphology (i.e., word structure), syntax (i.e., the arrangement of words and phrases), and semantics ...
Slow processing speed impacts learning at all stages. It can make it harder for young children to master the basics of reading, writing and counting. Older kids display slow processing speed by the inability to perform tasks quickly and accurately.
Slow processing is a characteristic of Specific Learning Difficulties such as dyslexia, dyspraxia, ADHD, ADD and dysgraphia.
Processing speed deficits affect reading efficiency, even among individuals who recognize and decode words accurately. Children with ADHD who decode words accurately can still have inefficient reading fluency, leading to a bottleneck in other cognitive processes.
Working memory problems would likely have a greater impact on Math Fluency than on the other fluency tasks. Slow processing speed is not a learning disorder. To be considered to have a learning disorder, a student must have the following: Average or better intelligence.
Processing speed implies a greater ability to easily do simple or previously-learned tasks. This refers to the ability to automatically process information, which means processing information quickly and without doing it consciously. The higher the processing speed, the more efficient you are able to think and learn.
Processing speed isn't an executive skill, but it can affect executive function. Slow processing speed impacts working memory, flexible thinking, organization and planning, and attention skills. Mistaking slow processing speed for issues with executive function skills is common.
More Than Just Seeing Differences. There is more to visual processing than just seeing the differences in shapes of words and letters. Visual processing directly impacts your ability to learn, read, and retain information. Learning in school is typically directed at visual processing 75% of the time.
It's caused by brain differences that make them take longer to do things than other kids. This includes doing homework, having a conversation, and making decisions like what to eat for breakfast. Slow processing speed can happen on its own. But it often co-occurs with ADHD, dyslexia, and anxiety.
Low scores on processing-speed measures have many causes, including difficulty with sustained attention or problems with visual discrimination. Low scores may also reflect tendencies for a sluggish cognitive tempo or slow decision making.
Slow processing speed is when people need a lot of time to take in, make sense of, and respond to information. The information can be visual, like letters or numbers. It can also be auditory, like spoken language.
Giving instructions and assignments
Give the student extra time to respond to questions in class. Give simple written directions, and speak slowly when giving oral directions. Use graphs and other visual aids and explain out loud what they mean.
These types of learners prefer reading out loud to themselves. They aren't afraid to speak up in class and are great at verbally explaining things. Additionally, they may be slower at reading and may often repeat things a teacher tells them.
Dyslexia often causes a delay in the brain's processing speed. Those tests which reward speed, will always discriminate against children with this difficulty, consigning them to the bottom. One of the most widely used tests used to identify dyslexia is Rapid Automatic Naming known as RAN.
Sensory processing disorder is a condition in which the brain is unable to accurately and appropriately process sensations. For children, this is often displayed as an over sensitivity or under-sensitivity to: movement, moving items, sights, sounds, textures, tastes, and smells.
Auditory Processing Disorder can inhibit phonemic awareness, making it hard for students to identify the isolated sounds in language. Recognizing and creating rhymes can be challenging as a result. This can lead to reading and spelling difficulty.
LPD is a learning disability that affects the processing of language in the brain. The disorder can affect expressive language (what one says) and/or receptive language (how one understands what others say). The disorder may affect the form, content, and/or the function of language.
Because a child uses visual processing daily for reading, writing and mathematics, experiencing difficulties may result in poor attention in class or a lack of self-confidence.
Although typically not considered a learning disability, visual processing disorder can affect a child in a myriad of ways: everything from sorting their clothes to playing a game at recess can be exceedingly difficult. Often children experience self-esteem problems and can appear withdrawn or frustrated.
Poor page organization, including poorly-aligned letters, illegible words, and irregular spacing. Holds pencil too tightly, often resulting in breaking the point. Closes one eye while reading or working.
Processing speed is thought to be a fundamental element of working memory, the capacity “to maintain, update, and manipulate information in an active state, over short delays” (Kaufman et al., 2009, p. 375). Working memory capacity is found to be a strong predictor of IQ performance (Kaufman et al., 2009).
Working memory, a component of executive functioning, is where your child stores information he or she needs to complete a task. A working memory deficit could explain his difficulty working out math problems in his head or with reading retention.
Memory affects computer speed because the CPU must move information into memory and retrieve data from it when running applications. If you have a lot of memory, the CPU can move larger chunks of it faster. Computers also use your hard drive as a virtual memory area when your RAM cannot hold any more data.