You can lower the pH in your pool naturally by directing the downspouts from your house into the pool. If a pool becomes too full due to backwash it dumps water. Since rain is about 5.6 pH it is going to bring down the pH of the water naturally. The problem that you will have with rainwater is its low alkalinity.
To bring down pH, use a made-for-pools chemical additive called pH reducer (or pH minus). The main active ingredients in pH reducers are either muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate (also called dry acid). Reducers are readily available at pool supply stores, home improvement centers and online.
Most pool experts recommend a pool pH between 7.2 and 7.8. To raise or lower pH, a pool custodian simply adds acids or alkalis into the water. For example, adding sodium carbonate (soda ash) or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) will generally raise the pH, and adding muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate will lower the pH.
Ordinary household vinegar could in theory be used to lower the pH of your pool. The pH of vinegar is about 2.5, which is quite acidic when compared to your pool water. Household vinegar is very weak though (when compared to a strong acid like muriatic acid), so you would need quite a bit to lower pH.
The pH level of baking soda is 8.3, so it takes a lot of it to raise a pool's overall pH level. The upside is that using baking soda will never make a pool's pH level higher than 8.3 (and if the pool's pH level is higher, baking soda will lower it). Still, it's better at adjusting the overall alkalinity of the water.
pH Decreaser gradually lowers your pH and alkalinity until at the desired level, and also prevents scale build-up and cloudy water that also usually occurs when your spa operates at the high-end of the pH scale.
A high pH level can be caused by several factors, the main culprits being additional chlorine stabilizers and sudden increases in temperature. In addition, high pH runs a risk with your chlorine, as your chlorine will no longer disinfect fully. There are also physical consequences of high pH for swimmers.
What happens if pH is too high in pool? It can be difficult to adjust the pH of a swimming pool that is too alkaline. A pool with a too high pH level will have cloudy water. You can also see scaling on the walls of the pool, plus the chlorine will no longer do its job of disinfecting the water effectively.
A pH level of 7 means that water is neutral; above 7 means the water is alkaline, while below 7 indicates acidity. Aim for a pH level of between 7 and 7.6. If the water pH is higher than 8, anyone who swims in the pool is at risk of skin rashes, while a pH of lower than 7 can sting swimmers' eyes.
It's OK if a little bit of it makes it into the pool water, but if you're concerned, test the water after using vinegar, and adjust any levels if necessary. All-natural and diluted to a cleaning strength of 6% acidity. Bonus Tip: Vinegar also shines up metal surfaces like a champ.
Minerals that decrease the pH build up naturally over time. If you let this happen the pH is going to go down on its own. Continue to use the test strips to check the levels and you should change the water once it gets below the recommended pH.
While vinegars won't affect your pH, regular consumption may have other benefits. Here are some benefits of vinegar: May kill harmful bacteria. The acidic properties of vinegar make it a great cleaning and disinfecting agent.
You can decrease pH without lowering the Total Alkalinity using Carbon Dioxide (CO₂) injection for pH control. Still, this does not lessen one without an effect on the other. When CO₂ is injected into water, it forms carbonic acid (H₂CO₃), which will reduce the pH.
Can You Safely Swim in a Pool With High Alkalinity? As long as you have enough chlorine in your pool (around 3ppm for total chlorine) and the pH level is balanced (between 7.4 to 7.8), then a pool with high total alkalinity is still safe to swim in.
The pH range of 7.2 to 7.8 should be considered an IDEAL range, not the minimum and maximum. Many pool service companies have been successfully maintaining the pH between 7.8 and 8.2 on tens of thousands of pools without reports of disease or algae outbreaks resulting from high pH.
High chlorine levels decrease the pH of your pool's water, making it more acidic. The more acidic the water, the higher the likelihood of corrosion.
Granulated or liquid chlorine is alkaline and, therefore, tends to raise the pH level.
A high pH can occur in the body for a few reasons, including abnormal kidney/liver function, digestive problems, medication effects and problems with the lungs. Respiratory alkalosis results when the levels of carbon dioxide (an acid) are too low in the body.
When used correctly, muriatic acid can lower the pH levels of your pool water. The potency of muriatic acid makes it beneficial at getting rid of hardened water that has become too alkaline.
Liquid chlorine and bleach (sodium hypochlorite) have a pH of 11.0 to nearly 13.0 so it is logical to think that they will raise the pH of the pool water. The fact is that initially or upon addition liquid chlorine raises pH because sodium hydroxide (lye) is made.
Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate is naturally alkaline, with a pH of 8. When you add baking soda to your pool water, you will raise both the pH and the alkalinity, improving stability and clarity. Many commercial pool products for raising alkalinity utilize baking soda as their main active ingredient.
Muriatic acid also lowers the total alkalinity of the pool. Next, you'll turn on your aerator and infuse the pool with aerated water. The infusion of aerated water will cause the pool's pH level to rise, with the ideal pH level being between 7.2 and 7.6.
Baking Soda (Sodium Bicarbonate) is used to raise alkalinity and also slightly raise pH. And Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate) is used to raise pH and slightly raise alkalinity. For example, getting a pH reading around 7.2 to 7.6 in 10,000 gallons (37,854 liters) of pool water would take roughly 21 pounds of baking soda.
Use one cup of vinegar for every gallon of water.
The ratio of vinegar to water may vary depending on how alkaline your soil is. But one cup of vinegar to one gallon of water is a reliable place to start.