The Renaissance era of classical music saw the growth of polyphonic music, the rise of new instruments, and a burst of new ideas regarding harmony, rhythm, and music notation.
Inspired by the classical world, Renaissance composers fit words and music together in an increasingly dramatic fashion, as seen in the development of the Italian madrigal and later the operatic works of Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643).
The Main Characteristics of Renaissance Music
- Music still based on modes, but gradually more accidentals creep in.
- Richer texture in four or more parts. ...
- Blending rather than contrasting strands in the musical texture.
- Harmony. ...
- Church music. ...
- Secular music (none-religious music.
Art music in the Renaissance served three basic purposes: (1) worship in both the Catholic and burgeoning Protestant Churches, (2) music for the entertainment and edification of the courts and courtly life, and (3) dance music.
Some of the great music of the Renaissance was sung in churches in large choirs. One new style of music was to interweave several different vocal melodies at the same time. This type of music was called polyphony and became popular in choirs. Another popular form of vocal music was the madrigal.
Richer texture, with four or more independent melodic parts being performed simultaneously. These interweaving melodic lines, a style called polyphony, is one of the defining features of Renaissance music. Blending, rather than contrasting, melodic lines in the musical texture.
During the renaissance, music performers as well as music composers incorporated various instruments in a wide range of music genres, poetry, and recitations. They became important guides that were used to ensure that vocals were balanced and remained on-key.
During this time, interest in classical antiquity and philosophy grew, with some Renaissance thinkers using it as a way to revitalize their culture. They expanded and interpreted these Classical ideas, creating their own style of art, philosophy and scientific inquiry.
Medieval music was mostly plainchant; first monophonic then developed into polyphonic. Renaissance music was largely buoyant melodies. Medieval music was mostly only vocal while renaissance music was of both instrumental and vocal; flutes, harps, violins were some of the instruments used.
In Renaissance polyphony, each voice has its own independent phrasing and dynamics because of the independent roles of the voices. There were no dynamic markings written into the music at this time; the words and the character of the music indicated to the performers which dynamics to use at any given time.
The texture of Renaissance music is that of a polyphonic style of blending vocal and instrumental music for a unified effect.
The medieval and Renaissance periods each witnessed a critical transition in the structure of Western music. During the Middle Ages, monophony evolved into polyphony (see Musical Texture). During the Renaissance, the shell harmony of the Middle Ages was succeeded by true harmony.
Renaissance music consisted of smooth regular flow of rhythm while baroque music was comprised of a metrical rhythm with varied motion. The tone of the baroque music was of development of tonal architecture and formal principles; baroque, binary, ternary, fugue, etc.
The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called: A cantus firmus. Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music? It has fuller harmonies.
The population was becoming wealthier which led to an increase in trade and travel and the spread of new ideas. The rise in prosperity also generated an interest in education, supported the flourishing of the arts and promoted scientific discoveries and new inventions.
Renaissance art is marked by a gradual shift from the abstract forms of the medieval period to the representational forms of the 15th century. Subjects grew from mostly biblical scenes to include portraits, episodes from Classical religion, and events from contemporary life.
The renaissance impacted our world because it started new techniques for creating paintings, art was starting to spread to northern Europe, a new church was created, and the reformation of the cathilic church. The church's went through big changes in the Renaissance time period.
What forms of music received greater emphasis during the Renaissance period? Instrumental. How did the invention of the printing press and movable type affect the music world? They could print and duplicate compositions and send them all over Europe.
In 1450, the invention of the Gutenberg printing press allowed for improved communication throughout Europe and for ideas to spread more quickly.
Lute. A relative of the guitar, the lute was the most important instrument for secular music during the Renaissance period.
In the early Renaissance, most composers came from Northern France or the Low Countries, where the support provided by the courts was particularly strong. Later on, focus went beyond the Alps as the heyday of the Italian city-state system took hold, and many northern composers came south to find their fortunes.
As musicians grow older, they often become out of touch with the younger generation, the new styles could relate more to what the mind of the present was/were (musical styles are changing as we speak) thus causing the music to move in a more progressive manner.
Music, as a cultural right, may aid in the promotion and protection of other human rights. It can help in the healing process, dismantling walls and boundaries, reconciliation, and education. Around the world, music is being used as a vehicle for social change and bringing communities together.