If you see a lens with a magnification ratio of 1:1 or 2:1 or 3:1 etc… it's a macro lens. If the magnification ratio is 1:2, 1:3, 1:4 etc… it's not a macro lens. But macro lenses aren't only good for shooting close up detailed images.
The difference you experience when using a normal or wide-angle macro lens versus a telephoto macro lens is a different minimum focus distance. In the macro photo world, this is known as the "working distance." A longer focal length lens will have a greater working distance than a shorter focal length lens.
Besides true macros, lenses featuring a MM between 0.50x and 1.0x can also be considered macro lenses as they permit significantly closer focus than typical lenses provide. Macro lenses come in a variety of focal lengths from wide-angle to telephoto.
Macro photography with an 18-55mm lens
The 18-55mm lens is a great option for macro photography too. You may not be able to shoot tiny details like you would with a pro macro lens, but you can still definitely get great results. Here's how. Maximize the focal length to 55mm.
The 18-55mm lens is a great option for macro photography too. You may not be able to shoot tiny details like you would with a pro macro lens, but you can still definitely get great results.
This 4x telephoto zoom lens is ideal for the budget-conscious photographer with an interest in shooting sports, wildlife or portraiture. In common with other telephoto lenses, the EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 III compresses perspective and allows the photographer to restrict depth of field.
50mm lenses work best in capturing typical macro shots. However, these types of macro lenses have their drawbacks. 50mm lenses make subjects appear half “life-size” since they usually feature a 1:2 ratio, and require shooting at a much closer distance. But a 50mm lens is a must if you want a general walk-around lens.
The 85mm focal length and f2 aperture makes it perfect for portraits, while close-focusing allows it to double-up as a fairly respectable macro lens with 1:2 or half-actual size magnification.
Yes, a telephoto lens can also be a macro lens, but not all telephoto lens are not macro. A lens can be both telephoto and macro and are two different concepts. A lens becomes telephoto depending on its focal length, whereas a lens can be termed Macro based on the image reproduction ratio.
If you don't have a dedicated macro lens to photograph insects and flowers with, then the next best alternative is a zoom lens macro. There are many advantages to using a zoom lens for macros and closeups including: there is no need to be close to the subject.
You can use virtually any lens to achieve close-up photos. Macro means you're taking super close-ups of objects at 1:1. Meaning, the size of the image on your sensor is equal to the size of the item you're photographing in real life. Micro means the magnification is at a microscopic level.
Micro photography refers to anything with a magnification ratio of 20:1 or greater. That's right – it looks at least twenty times bigger on your camera's sensor than it does in real life.
Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM 10x High Definition 2 Element Close-Up (Macro) Lens (.
Macro lenses allow you to take a photo of a subject very close up. Calling a lens a macro lens doesn't have anything to do with whether it is wide-angle or telephoto. It just means you can get very close to small objects and photograph them. You really never have macro lenses that are wide-angle.
You need to find one with a focal length of, at least, 300mm. Thankfully, the moon is so bright that you do not need fast, expensive, telephoto lenses. Anything with an aperture of f/5.6 or f/8 will do. For a DSLR, we recommend the Canon EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 or Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS USM.
While technically not a wide-angle lens, 18-55mm lenses allow you to shoot wide-angle by using the shortest focal length (18mm) and playing around with shooting angles and composition techniques.
Keep a good distance between the subject and whatever is in the background. Bring down the aperture size as low as possible. At 55mm, the maximum you'll be able to open up is f/5.6. Here you can see how big this hallway is and how far are the things from where the model was standing.
Even bumping the zoom in a couple of millimeters from 16mm to 18mm can make a notable difference in image quality. All in all, 18mm is one of the most useful focal lengths for landscapes—right up there with 21mm below.
As mentioned above, the general sharpness and flat field of a macro lens can be a boon for landscape photographers regardless of its focal length. Lens sharpness is a holy grail for landscape shooters, and a flat field can mean that edge-to-edge sharpness is enhanced over non-macro lenses—great for landscape images.