Unlike gas giants Jupiter and Saturn, and ice giants Uranus and Neptune, Pluto's surface is a solid one. This means that if humans could get a space ship all the way to Pluto, the ship could land on Pluto. And, once the ship has landed, humans could exit the ship and stand on the surface of the planet.
As such, there is simply no way life could survive on the surface of Pluto. Between the extreme cold, low atmospheric pressure, and constant changes in the atmosphere, no known organism could survive.
Cold, radiation, lack of atmospheric pressure, solar winds, etc, etc, but the main reason we can't breathe on Pluto is that there isn't any oxygen in Pluto's atmosphere. Humans need to breathe oxygen to survive, and since there isn't any oxygen available, breath isn't possible.
In addition to being cold and distant, the dwarf planet Pluto has highly toxic carbon monoxide gas in its atmosphere, new data confirms.
On approach in July 2015, the cameras on NASA's New Horizons spacecraft captured Pluto rotating over the course of a full “Pluto day.” The best available images of each side of Pluto taken during approach have been combined to create this view of a full rotation. Pluto's day is 6.4 Earth days long.
Kepler-62e and Kepler-62f are thought capable of hosting life. The planet Kepler-69c is located about 2,700 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. This is an illustration of the planet, which is the smallest yet found to orbit in the habitable zone of a sun-like star.
But temperatures at this region would be thousands of degrees; hot enough to melt rock. And the pressure from the weight of all the atmosphere would be crushing. In short, there is simply no way one could stand on the “surface of Neptune”, let alone walk around on it.
It's about 3.6 billion miles away from the Sun, and it has a thin atmosphere composed mostly of nitrogen, methane, and carbon monoxide. On average, Pluto's temperature is -387°F (-232°C), making it too cold to sustain life.
The Surface Of Uranus Isn't Solid
The primary reason that humans cannot walk or stand on the surface of Uranus is that the surface isn't solid. Most of Uranus underneath its gaseous atmosphere appears to be composed of a slushy mixture of water, methane, and ammonia.
So how long does it take to get to Pluto? Roughly 9-12 years. You could probably get there faster, but then you'd get less science done, and it probably wouldn't be worth the rush. Are you super excited about the New Horizons flyby of Pluto?
Robert Zubrin has pointed out that Titan possesses an abundance of all the elements necessary to support life, saying "In certain ways, Titan is the most hospitable extraterrestrial world within our solar system for human colonization." The atmosphere contains plentiful nitrogen and methane.
The average temperature on the Moon (at the equator and mid latitudes) varies from -298 degrees Fahrenheit (-183 degrees Celsius), at night, to 224 degrees Fahrenheit (106 degrees Celsius) during the day.
Additionally, there is the fact that some of Pluto's surface is composed of water ice, which is slightly less dense than nitrogen ice. As Pluto's glaciers carve the surface, some of those water-ice “rocks” will rise up through the glacier and float like icebergs.
Instead of its moon Charon orbiting it, Pluto and Charon are both orbiting a center of gravity in between them. Pluto doesn't have the sweeping, impressive storms of Jupiter, but it does have windstorms that redistribute the ice covering its surface.
The density and temperature changes the deeper into the planet you go, but Saturn can't be said to have a solid surface. If you tried to walk on the surface of Saturn, you would fall into the planet, suffering higher temperatures and pressures until you were crushed inside the planet.
Jupiter is made up almost entirely of hydrogen and helium, with some other trace gases. There is no firm surface on Jupiter, so if you tried to stand on the planet, you sink down and be crushed by the intense pressure inside the planet.
The atmosphere of Venus is very hot and thick. You would not survive a visit to the surface of the planet - you couldn't breathe the air, you would be crushed by the enormous weight of the atmosphere, and you would burn up in surface temperatures high enough to melt lead.
On Saturn it occasionally rains diamonds.
The upshot: Earth has at least 1.5 billion years left to support life, the researchers report this month in Geophysical Research Letters. If humans last that long, Earth would be generally uncomfortable for them, but livable in some areas just below the polar regions, Wolf suggests.
Earth is the only planet in the universe known to possess life. The planet boasts several million described species, living in habitats ranging from the bottom of the deepest ocean to a few miles up into the atmosphere. Researchers think far more species remain that have yet to be described to science.
In space, people usually experience environmental stressors like microgravity, cosmic radiation, and social isolation, which can all impact aging. Studies on long-term space travel often measure aging biomarkers such as telomere length and heartbeat rates, not epigenetic aging.
How is 1 hour in space equal to 7 years on Earth.
Jupiter is the fastest spinning planet in our Solar System rotating on average once in just under 10 hours. That is very fast especially considering how large Jupiter is. This means that Jupiter has the shortest days of all the planets in the Solar System.
The moon has a very thin atmosphere so it cannot trap heat or insulate the surface. There is no wind there, no clouds, no rain, no snow and no storms, but there is “day and night” and there are extreme differences in temperatures depending on where the sun is shining.