Genetics and sun exposure are the primary causes of freckles. Some people are more likely to get freckles than others, depending on their genes and skin type. If a person is genetically more likely to develop freckles, exposure to sunlight can make them appear.
Freckles can appear on all types of skin tones. Of the six Fitzpatrick skin types, they are most common on skin tones 1 and 2, which usually belong to North Europeans. However, it can be found in all ethnicities.
Although freckles aren't limited exclusively to fair-skinned redheads, it is fair to say that our red-headed friends get the lion's share of freckles – and they only make up 4-5 percent of the total world population. So if you not only have freckles but you're also a natural redhead, then you're pretty special, indeed.
Parents with freckles often have kids with freckles. But not always. This is because the inheritance of freckles is complex.
So unless you've been living in a cave your whole life, you must have a different set of genes than your other relatives do. Your parents, aunts, uncles, and brother have freckles because they carry a gene for them. You don't have freckles because you don't have this particular gene.
Freckles often show up during childhood, and you may continue to get more until you're in your 20s. People with fair skin or red hair are most likely to have them. There are two types of freckles: ephelides and solar lentigines. Although both are flat spots, they're different in a few ways.
This trait is reportedly due to a single gene; the presence of freckles is dominant, the absence of freckles is recessive1. Early geneticists reported that curly hair was dominant and straight hair was recessive.
While freckles are fabulous, they haven't always been considered the trademark of a gorgeous person. For centuries, beauty was sought in “flawless” skin, perfectly porcelain complexions glorified by highbrow fashion magazines.
They can appear on anyone who doesn't protect themselves from UV rays. They show up on your face, the back of your hands, and upper body. This type tends to be most common amongst people with lighter skin tones and hair color. People of Caucasian and Asian descent are more prone to ephelides.
Contrary to what you may have been told, freckles are not angel kisses. Nor are they stars of the night sky sparkling on your cheeks. “For freckles to appear, melanin forms in little clumps which get darker when exposed to sunlight.” And this why your freckles tend to fade in the winter time.
With repeated sun exposure over years, the skin cells start to produce melanin, forming the sun spots. Additionally, the lifespan of freckles and sun spots is different. Freckles typically fade away with age and even seasons whereas sun spots tend to stick around longer.
Models with freckles may be concerned that opportunities in the industry may be slim. However, the reality is very different with the facial markings to be viewed as a sign of beauty and featuring the freckled faces on the front of fashion and beauty campaigns.
Although people with red hair tend to have more freckles, not all of them do. So if you have freckles and someone dares call them “angel kisses” let them know you were never kissed by any mythological winged beings.
The ethereal and soft qualities of freckles are sought after so often that when it became trendy to create them out of eyeliner or eyeshadow, makeup brands hopped on board and started to offer products specifically for faking freckles.
So, can people with freckles tan? Yes, certain people with freckles can get tanned in the sun though it's a good idea if the sun is strong or if more time is spent tanning to wear a lotion with SPF.
The more melanin you have in your skin, the easier it is to get a tan. People with fair complexions have less melanin in their skin to start with. When sunlight causes their melanocytes to make more melanin, they often develop freckles instead of getting an even suntan like people with darker complexions.
A hallmark characteristic of freckles is that they get darker when exposed to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) light. That's why they become more noticeable in the summertime and fade throughout the winter months.
So.. will my child develop freckles? Maybe, but they definitely won't be born with freckles. Children usually begin to develop freckles after age two—not because their skin is “ready,” but because they are mobile and are naturally exposed to more sunlight because of their mobility.
Yes, you need sun for actual, natural freckles. Genetics plays a big part in whether you'll be born with real freckle potential, but you've got to get that sun exposure for those coveted spots to make their appearance. We love natural freckles as much as the next person.
So people with broken MC1R genes have red hair. But if MC1R is responsible for both red hair and freckles, why do some people only have freckles? It has to do with how many copies of certain versions of the MC1R gene they have. Remember, everyone has 2 copies of most of their genes.
By the '90s, freckles were also linked to a more youthful appearance, an association that continues over 20 years later. It seems that Chanel was the first company to market a product designed to create faux freckles.
The average age that children develop freckles is between two and four years old. “As kids get older, they start walking [on their own], doing more activities outdoors, and naturally have more sunlight exposure,” Teng tells Yahoo Parenting. This can trigger a smattering of freckles, particularly on children's faces.